A smear test or cervical screening test is used to detect pre-cancerous cells in your cervix. Regular screening monitors changes in the cells and abnormal smear result could indicate changes have occurred. Smear tests identify changes in cervical cells. It is quite normal for women to undergo this at some stage in their life and it does not typically dodge to anything serious. Cervical screening should be observed as a preventative action as a mutation can be addressed before any serious complications arise.
While it is understandable that you might be worried if you receive an abnormal smear result, it is vital to have in mind that 1 to 20 cervical screens get back with some form of an anomaly. It is also common to be concerned as to the rigour of the cervical changes and what indications this may have on your health.
However, an abnormal smears result does not mean you have cancer. It merely means that there are changes to the cells which could potentially cause cancer in the future and this is why cervical screening help to save lives.
Abnormal Smear Result Grades
When your cervical screening, cell samples will be taken from the transformation zone. It is the area in which these types of cells meets. In general, an abnormal smear can be categorised as mild, moderate or severe dyskaryosis. A borderline grade is between medium and mild. The abnormal cells can be found on the surface area of the cervix are called cervical Intra-epithelial neoplasia, and there are three different CIN categories based on the amount of surface area is affected by the abnormal cells.
CIN1 – mild or low-grade dyskaryosis
CIN2 – moderate dyskaryosis
CIN3 – severe or high-grade dyskaryosis
If you have a low-grade dyskaryosis result, then your private female gynaecologist will typically be recommended to have an extra smear test or a colposcopy to quantify the primary results. This is a small method, which seems very alike to have a smear test. If the changes are endorsed to be mild, then a conservative strategy will be recommended as it’s possible that the swayed cells will go back to normal without the need for the treatment.
When the smear test comes back with a high-grade dyskaryosis result, the patient will be referred to a consultant gynaecologist for an accurate examination through a colposcopy. This will discover the true extent of the hit cells. Those with high-grade dyskaryosis results often require treatment, which aims to eliminate the abnormal cervical cells. It is vital to identify that cervical cancer can lead up to a decade to occur, so a critical dyskaryosis result does not indicate you have already developed it. However, understanding this does not mean that the result can be ignored. You can even follow the advice of your doctor or private gynaecologist and experience frequent screenings to observe cervical changes, while quickly addressing any problems by attending follow-up requests and experiencing treatment where necessary to assure that your cervix is healthy and uninfluenced by any pre-cervix cells. Cervical screenings save lives!
If you want to have the abnormal smear test and know the stage of the infection, then register an appointment with Mrs Sarah Hussain who is the top private gynaecologist in London. Contact now for further information about abnormal smear.