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what are the Types of menstrual disorders?

With each menstrual cycle, the uterine lining(endometrium) prepares itself to sustain a fetus. If fertilization doesn’t occur, the body emits the endometrium during the monthly cycle. In some situations, an irregularity can occur in this cycle, designating any of the following menstrual disorders.

Types of Menstrual Disorders


  • Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)
  • Amenorrhea

  • Dysmenorrhea

  • Menorrhagia


Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)

PMS is an Unpleasant or uncomfortable symptom during your cycle that may temporarily disrupt normal functioning. These symptoms may last from a few hours to many days, and the types and severity of symptoms can differ in individuals.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder(PMDD) is a much more rigorous form of PMS  which approximately 3 – 8% of women of reproductive age. PMDD requires treatment by a physician. According to researches, nearly 85% of women experience at least one common symptoms so extreme they are disabled by the condition.   

Although each individual may undergo symptoms differently, the most common symptoms of PMS can include any of the following:

  • Psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, irritability)
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms (bloating)
  • Fluid retention (swelling of fingers, ankles and feet)
  • Skin problems (acne)
  • headache
  • Vertigo
  • Fainting
  • Muscle spasms
  • Heart palpitations
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Vision problems
  • Eye infections
  • Decreased coordination
  • Diminished libido (sex drive)
  • Changes in appetite
  • Hot flashes

Simple changes in lifestyle can help reduce or eliminate the rigour of symptoms, including:

  • Exercising 3 to 5 times each week
  • Eating a well-balanced diet that includes whole grains, vegetables and fruit, and a decreasing salt, sugar, caffeine and alcohol intake
  • Getting adequate sleep and rest


Amenorrhea is defined by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles. There are two types of amenorrhea:

Types of Amenorrhea
  • Primary amenorrhea: Menstruation does not begin at puberty.
  • Secondary amenorrhea: common and regular menstrual periods which become increasingly unusual and irregular or absent. This may be due to a physical cause typically of later origin.

Amenorrhea can occur for a number of reasons as part of the normal course of life, such as pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause. Or, it may occur as a result of prescriptions or a medical problem including:

  • Ovulation abnormality
  • Birth defect, anatomical abnormality or other medical condition
  • Eating disorder
  • Obesity
  • Excessive or strenuous exercise
  • Thyroid disorder

If at least three sequential menstrual periods are missed or if you’ve never had a menstrual period and are 16 years or older, it is important to see a healthcare expert. As with any condition, early analysis and medication are very important.


Dysmenorrhea is described by severe and regular menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. The problem of dysmenorrhea is dependent on if the condition is primary or secondary. With primary dysmenorrheal, women encounter abnormal uterine contractions resulting from a chemical imbalance in the body. Secondary dysmenorrhea is generated by other medical conditions, most often endometriosis. Other possible causes may include:

  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • uterine fibroids
  • abnormal pregnancy (i.e., miscarriage, ectopic)
  • infection, tumours, or polyps in the pelvic cavity

Any woman can produce dysmenorrhea, but those who are at an increased risk include:

  • Smokers
  • Those who consume excessive alcohol during their period
  • Women who are overweight
  • Women who began menstruating before the age of 11
Dysmenorrhea Symptoms

The most general symptoms may include:

  • Cramping or pain in the lower abdomen
  • Low back pain or pain radiating down the legs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Fainting
  • Headaches


Menorrhagia is the most general type of unusual uterine bleeding and is characterized by heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding. In some instances, bleeding may be so critical that daily activities are disrupted.

Another type of this condition, also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding, may include:

  • Polymenorrhea: Too frequent menstruation.
  • Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent or light menstrual cycles
  • Metrorrhagia: Any unusual, non-menstrual bleeding as in bleeding which occurs between menstrual periods
  • Postmenopausal bleeding:  Bleeding that occurs more than one year subsequent the last menstrual period at menopause.

There are several possible causes of menorrhagia, including:

  • Hormonal Menorrhagia Causes imbalance
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Abnormal pregnancy; i.e., miscarriage, ectopic (tubal pregnancy)
  • Infection, tumours or polyps in the pelvic cavity
  • Certain birth control devices; i.e., intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Bleeding or platelet disorders
  • High levels of prostaglandins (chemical substances used to control muscle contractions of the uterus)
  • Huge levels of endothelins (chemical substances used to dilate blood vessels)
  • Liver, kidney or thyroid disease
Menorrhagia Symptoms

Common symptoms of menorrhagia are when a woman has drowned through enough sanitary napkins or tampons to change for every one hour, and/or a woman’s menstrual period lasts longer than 7 days in duration. Other standard symptoms include spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods, or spotting or bleeding during pregnancy.

Most of the women with ample menstrual bleeding can cause their condition for hormones. Here are the different types of menstrual disorders and their symptoms. If you identify any symptoms in you schedule an appointment with Mrs Sarah Hussain can help you figure out what kind of treatment is necessary in order to reduce or relieve from your problem.


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menstrual Disorder

What are the causes and diagnosis for menstrual disorders?

Menstrual Disorders are caused by a kind of factors and influence every woman in a different manner. In most of the cases, it shows in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily mitigated. Whereas others are too complicated and need to get consult with the gynaecologist.

There are different distinct causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, the functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.

Some of the most common causes of menstrual disorders as follows:

Hormonal Imbalance: Hormone fluctuation in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. This fluctuation can be caused by the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland dysfunction. It can also be a result of the malfunction in the either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.

Anatomic Problem: Anatomy is the major problem that causes menstrual disorders. These include various gynaecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis, a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.

Clotting Irregularities: Heavy menstrual bleeding in women is caused by an abnormality in clotting. It leads to exceeding the blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easy apt to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia and von Willebrand disease.

Medications and supplements: There is an ample range of medications and nutritional or hormonal supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and nutritional or fluctuations in the menstrual cycle.

Miscellaneous Factors: These are very rare and require a greater degree of medical care. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumours, liver incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.


Menstrual Disorders Diagnosis

Whenever your menstrual cycle is changed, you should maintain an accurate record of when your periods begins and ends, including the amount of flow and you pass large blood clots. Keep indication of any other symptoms, such as bleeding between periods and menstrual spasms or pain.

The doctor may ask you about the menstrual cycle and medical history. He or she will perform physical examinations that include a pelvic exam and sometimes a pap test.  The doctor may also include the test like pap Test. the doctor may also ask for certain tests including the following:

  • Blood tests to rule out anaemia or other medical disorders
  • Vaginal cultures, to look for infections
  • A pelvic ultrasound exam to monitor for uterine fibroids, polyps, or an ovarian cyst
  • An endometrial biopsy, from which a sample of tissue is removed from the lining of the uterus, to diagnose endometriosis, hormonal imbalance, or cancerous cells. Endometriosis or other conditions can also be diagnosed using a method called a laparoscopy, where the  doctors make a tiny incision in the abdomen and then inserts a thin tube with a flashlight connected to view the uterus and ovaries

Having heavy bleeding during menstrual? If you have discovered any of the clotting irregularities and anatomic problems, it’s recommended to consult a Gynaecologist!! Make an appointment today with Mrs. Sarah Hussain- can help you to overcome the Menstrual Disorders.

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What are Menstrual Disorders & Types of Menstrual Disorders

Most of the women get their monthly periods easily with few or no concerns. Their periods come like clockwork starts and stops at nearly the same time every month, causing little more than a minor inconvenience.

However, women experience a host of physical or emotional symptoms just before or during the menstruation. From oppresive bleeding and missed periods to uncontrollable mood swings, these symptoms may disturb the woman’s life in major ways. All this comes under the Menstrual Disorder.

Let’s know What are menstrual Disorders?

Menstrual disorders are problems that are related to a woman’s normal menstrual cycle. This is one of the most common reasons that let a woman undergo genetic treatment. Menstrual disorders and their symptoms can disrupt a woman’s daily life in many ways. They may also affect the ability to become pregnant.

How does the menstrual cycle work?

In general menstrual period is a part of the menstrual cycle. It is a series of changes that occur to part of your body every 28 days, on average. In some cases normal menstrual cycles are bit longer, some may be short. The first day of the menstrual period is the day one of your menstrual cycles. The average menstrual period will end about five to seven days. A normal menstrual period for you may differ from what’s normal for others.

Let’s go for Types of Menstrual Disorders

There are many types of menstrual disorders. That includes:

  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
  • Amenorrhea
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Menorrhagia
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding. Excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • Amenorrhea. The absence of menstrual bleeding
  • Oligomenorrhea. Light or infrequent menstruation
  • Fibroids. Noncancerous uterine tumours

Many women with substantial menstrual bleeding can accuse their condition for hormones. Discussing your menstrual disorder issue simply check with specialist. Schedule an appointment with Mrs. Sarah Hussain can help figure out what sort of treatments can best reduce or relieve your manifestations.

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What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer befalls when the cells of the cervix develop abnormally and attack other tissues and organs of the body. When it is invasive, this cancer affects the lower tissues of the cervix and may have spread to other parts of the body, like the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina and rectum.

Symptoms and Early Signs:

In the starting stage of cervical cancer, a person will experience no symptoms. Women should always have a regular cervical smear or Pap test. A Pap test is preventive. It is done not to detect cancer, but to identify whether any cells changes that indicate that cancer could develop so that early action can be taken

The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:

  • bleeding between periods
  • bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • bleeding in post-menopausal women
  • discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • smelly vaginal discharge
  • vaginal discharge tinged with blood
  • pelvic pain

These symptoms can cause infection. Anyone with these symptoms can go to the doctor for a primary checkup.


Knowing the stages is very important as it helps to decide what kind of treatment to undergo. There are different ways of defining the stages, but a 4-stages is commonly used.

Stage 0: Precancerous cells are located.

Stage 1: Cancer cells have grown from the surface into lower tissues of the cervix, and possibly into the uterus and to nearby lymph nodes

Stage 2: Cancer is now at beyond the cervix and uterus, but not as far as the walls of the pelvis or the lower part of the vagina.

Stage 3: Cancer cells are located in the deeper part of the vagina or the walls of the pelvis, and it may be preventing the ureters, the tubes that carry urine from the bladder.

Stage 4: Cancer affects the bladder or rectum and that is growing out of the pelvis. Later in stage 4, it will reach to distant organs, including the liver, bones, lungs, and lymph nodes.

It is very important to undergo for check up to identify the cancer cells.


  • Cervical cancer treatment options will include
  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy or combination of both chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • Cervical cancer clinical trials
  • Follow-up care

The treatment will depend on the stage of cancer as well as the patients’ age and state of health.

Early stage cervical cancer treatment options:

Surgery is commonly used when the cancer is limited to the cervix. Radiotherapy may be used after surgery if there are still cancer cells in the body.

When cells in the cervix wind up unusual and multiply rapidly, cervical cancer can develop, so it so can be dangerous if it goes undetected or untreated. Are you enduring with abnormal menstrual cycle, a yeast infection, or a urinary tract infection contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain, a female gynecologist who can give better treatment for immediate cure.

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What is Ovarian Cancer?

When the cells in the body begin to grow out of control by that cancer starts. Cells any part of the body can become cancer and can spread. Ovarian cancer generally begins in ovaries, but according to recent researches says that ovarian cancer actually starts in the cells in the distal end of the fallopian tubes.

Let us now talk about what are the ovaries?

Ovaries are the reproductive glands found only in females. These ovaries produce eggs for reproduction. These eggs travel from ovaries through fallopian tubes into the uterus where the egg settles in and develops the fetus. These are the most important source for the women hormones estrogen and progesterone. There two ovaries in a female body and one in each side of the uterus.

These ovaries are mainly made of 3 kinds of cells. Each kind of cell can develop into the different type of a tumour. Some of these tumours are non-cancerous and will never spread beyond the ovary.malignant and borderline tumours will spread to other parts of the body and can be fatal. Here are some the tumours listed below:

  • Epithelial ovarian Tumor
  • Benign Epithelial Tumor
  • Borderline Epithelial Tumor
  • Malignant Epithelial Ovarian Tumors
  • Primary peritoneal carcinoma
  • Fallopian Tube Cancer
  • Ovarian Germ cell Tumor

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer:

Most of ovarian cancer starts in the epithelium or outer surface of the ovary. There are some early symptoms of ovarian cancers. Symptoms may resemble those of other conditions like premenstrual syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, temporary bladder problem. Here are some symptoms of ovarian cancer:

  • Pain in the pelvis
  • the lower abdomen pain
  • the lower part of the body pain
  • Severe back pain
  • Heartburn or indigestion
  • Feeling full rapidly while eating
  • More frequent or urgent urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Change in bowel like constipation

As the cancer is in signs of progress there may also be some symptoms like

  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Breathlessness
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite

If anyone experience with bloating, pressure, or pain in the abdomen or pelvis that lasts for long period then they should consult the doctor immediately.

Causes of ovarian cancer:

Ovarian cancer generally occurs when the cells divide and multiply in an unregulated manner, but it was not clear why it happens.

Here are the following risk factors that can cause these disease

  • Family History
  • Reproductive history
  • Age
  • Birth control
  • Infertility or fertility System
  • Breast Cancer
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Obesity and overweight
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Endometriosis
  • Diagnosis

A doctor will go for pelvic examination and check for any palpable abnormalities in the uterus or ovaries. The doctor will also go through the patient’s medical history and family history.

List of diagnosis are mentioned below:

  • Blood test
  • Imaging test
  • Laparoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Abdominal fluid aspiration
  • Biopsy


Treatment kind generally depends on many factors like type of ovarian cancer, also stage and grade, and also general health of the patients.

Here is the list of treatments that the patient with ovarian cancer can undergo:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Clinical Trials

From the above, all information ovarian cancer is generally seen in women. When someone recognises the symptoms he or she should go for the doctor to identify in which stage was the patient was. Depending on the stages the treatment will be taken into action. Early identification will be more beneficial.  

Having a Abdominal bloating or swelling ? If symptoms are new and persist for more than two weeks, it is recommended you should consult a Gynaecologist!! Make an appointment today with Mrs. Sarah Hussain , can help you to decreases your risk of ovarian cancer.

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