As we have seen in the last blog about what are the dysmenorrhea? And also the symptoms and causes. Now we gonna discuss what are the diagnosis and treatments of dysmenorrhea?
Okay, let get into the point if it was confirmed that you are facing the problem of dysmenorrhea then its the time to visit your doctor. Now your doctor will review all the medical history and perform the physical exam, including a pelvic exam. While the pelvic exam is going, the doctor will check for abnormalities in your reproductive organs and look for signs of infection.
Once if your doctor suspects that a disorder is causing your menstrual cramps, he or she may recommend other tests, such as:
Diagnosis for Menstrual Cramps
Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create an image of your uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Other Imaging tests: A CT scan or MRI scan gives more detail than an ultrasound and can support your doctor diagnose underlying conditions. CT combines X-ray images taken from many angles to give cross-sectional images of bones, organs and other soft tissues inside your body. MRI utilizes radio waves and a powerful magnetic field to produce detailed images of internal structures. Both tests are noninvasive and painless.
Laparoscopy: Although not usually required to diagnosis menstrual cramps, laparoscopy can help detect an underlying condition, such as endometriosis, adhesions, fibroids, ovarian cysts. During this outpatient surgery, your doctor views your abdominal cavity and reproductive organs by making tiny incisions in your abdomen and inserting a fibre-optic tube with a small camera lens
In order to ease your menstrual cramps, your doctor might suggest the following:
Pain relievers: Over the counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium, at regular doses starting the day before you expect your period to begin can help control the pain of cramps. Prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also are available.
Start taking the pain reliever at the beginning of your period, or as soon as you feel symptoms, and continue taking the medicine as directed for two to three days, or until your symptoms are gone.
Hormonal birth control: oral birth control pills contain hormones that block ovulation and reduce the severity of menstrual cramps. These hormones can also be delivered in several other forms: injection, a skin patch, an implant placed under the skin of your arm, a flexible ring that you insert into your vagina, or an intrauterine device(IUD).
Surgery: If your menstrual cramps are bred by a disorder such as endometriosis or fibroids, surgery to fix the problem might help your symptoms. Surgical replacement of the uterus also might be an option if other approaches fail to ease your symptoms and if you’re not planning to have children.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Besides getting enough sleep and rest, things you might need to include:
Exercise regularly: Physical activity, helps relieve menstrual cramps for some women.
Use heat: Drowning in a hot bath or using a heating pad, hot water bottle or heat patch on your lower abdomen might ease menstrual cramps.
Try dietary supplements: A number of studies have shown that vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B-1 (thiamin), vitamin B-6 and magnesium supplements might reduce menstrual cramps.
Reduce stress: Psychological stress might double your risk of menstrual cramps and their severity.
Most alternative therapies for handling menstrual cramps haven’t been studied enough for experts to recommend them. However, some alternative treatments might help, including:
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
- Herbal medicine