Urogynecology is a fairly new sub-speciality and a fast-growing one, which is dedicated to the treatment of pelvic floor disorders. The term Urogynecology sound like “medical-ease,” but urogynecologists plays a unique & vital role in caring for women’s health.
Some of the Urogynecologic Problems include:
- Voiding dysfunction
- Urinary incontinence
- Painful bladder syndromes
- Vaginal prolapse & Recurrent urinary infections
Voiding dysfunction is a condition where there is poor coordination between the bladder muscle and the urethra. This results in incomplete relaxation or over-activity of the pelvic floor muscles during voiding. This can occur in women with neurological issues, pelvic floor problems including vaginal prolapse, and in women with previous pelvic surgery.
Urinary incontinence is any leakage of urine or loss of bladder control which is underdiagnosed and underreported problem that increases with age. The two most common types of urinary incontinence are
- Stress incontinence and
- Over-active bladder or Urge incontinence.
Stress incontinence is caused by a weakening of the urethra and Urine leakage associated with increased abdominal pressure from laughing, sneezing, coughing, climbing stairs, or other physical stress or on the abdominal cavity and, thus, the bladder. Urge incontinence is Involuntary leakage accompanied by or immediately preceded by urgency
Painful bladder syndrome is a chronic bladder health problem with a feeling of pain and pressure in the bladder area. The symptoms can include pelvic pain, urgency, bladder over-activity or pain, and urinary frequency and nocturia.
Painful bladder syndromes can be divided into two categories based on the clinical course. Such as
- Interstitial cystitis (IC) and
- Urethral syndrome.
- Cystoscopy is an important part of the evaluation for patients where painful bladder syndromes are suspected.
Vaginal prolapse is a condition where the bladder, urethra, rectum, or uterus bulges into the vagina. The loss of support by the vaginal muscles causes pelvic organs to prolapse. This weakening of the vagina is associated with multiple or difficult childbirth, however, smoking, obesity, aging, menopause, chronic constipation, genetic predisposition, lung disease, and chronic lifting can also be contributory factors.
Not all doctors have the experience to address urogynecological problems. For Immediate solutions to your Problems contact @Sarah Husain – An amazing, caring doctor who actually takes the time to hear your concerns.