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postmenopause health in women

Post-menopause health concerns in women

Each woman has to face menopause once in a lifetime, which is characterised by cessation of periods or menstrual cycle. The symptoms of menopause last for a year or so (varies from woman to woman) and when the symptoms stop that time is called as post-menopause phase. Women face such issues before and during menopause. Such symptoms start decreasing gradually post menopause. But simultaneously, the estrogen level also starts lowering down as ovaries start shutting down by this time.

Many women face problems during menopause and post-menopause. It is suggested to talk to your gynaecologist to understand how to deal with these symptoms and menopause effectively. Dr. Sarah Hussain is an experienced gynaecologist in London, who can help you deal with menopause and its symptoms.

How to take care of your health post menopause?

Postmenopause your symptoms of menopause will decrease, but women may face other health issues that may arise due to lack of estrogen hormone. Post-menopausal all women are suggested to have regular pelvic exams and screenings with your gynaecologist. Some other screenings like Pap smear, mammograms, etc. are not required regularly but at a set time of intervals to avoid the risk of having conditions like osteoporosis, breast cancer, and vaginal infections. The need of going for regular checkups and further screening depends on each woman’s medical history. So to decide on that, it is suggested to consult a gynaecologist as soon as you start seeing the symptoms of menopause. The doctor will guide you during menopause as well as how to maintain your health post-menopause.

If you have any concerns that are not mentioned here, you can consult London gynaecologist, Dr. Sarah Hussain. She will answer your queries on menopause and post-menopausal health concerns. Contact her clinic for booking appointments and get assure your wellness post menopause.

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What is the Relationship Between Fibroids and Infertility?

Fibroids are very common – they are benign (non cancerous) tumors of the uterine muscle. The size and location of the fibroid are important. The large majority of them are very small or located in an area of the uterus such that they will not have any impact on reproductive function.They occur predominantly in premenopausal women, and their growth appears to be hormone (estradiol, progesterone) dependent. They may grow towards the uterine cavity (submucous) or towards the abdominal cavity (subserosal), or they may be located within the uterine wall (intramural).

Most women will develop fibroids during their life time. Typically, fibroids develop when a woman is in her thirties or forties.

There are 3 general locations for fibroids:

  1. Subserosal – on the outside surface of the uterus
  2. Intramural – within the muscular wall of the uterus
  3. Submucous – bulging in to the uterine cavity

The only type that is supposed to have a large impact on reproductive function (unless they are large or numerous) is the submucous type that pushes in to the uterine cavity. 

Fibroids in general, regardless of location, were associated with a 15% reduction in pregnancy rates, a 30% reduction in live birth rates, and a 67% increase in miscarriage rates when compared with controls without fibroids. The effect was especially pronounced when submucous fibroids were analyzed (64% reduction in pregnancy rates, 69% reduction in live birth rates, and 67% increase in miscarriage rate). The effect of intramural fibroids was significant but less pronounced (22% decrease in live birth rates, 89% increase in miscarriage rates).

Fibroids can reduce your fertility in these ways:

  • Fibroids that change the shape of your cervix can affect the number of sperm able to enter the uterus.
  • Fibroids that block the Fallopian tubes can make the journey of a fertilized egg to implantation difficult or impossible.
  • Fibroids which change the shape of your uterus may decrease the number of places an embryo can successfully implant or reduce uterine space needed for embryo development.
  • Fibroids that weaken the lining of the uterine cavity or decrease the blood supply to a growing embryo can cause miscarriage.

Removing fibroids to improve the chance for conception and pregnancy may be recommended.  If you have fibroids and are trying to get pregnant, it’s important to discuss with your doctor whether the fibroids are in places that might prevent you from doing so, or are in places that could cause complications in pregnancy. Immediately contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain, top female gynecologist in London. She will analyse your  condition and suggest the best solution .


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Reasons and cure for white discharge in women?

Vaginal discharge is the term for fluid or mucus that comes from the vagina. Vaginal discharge is a common concern among women, and leads many women to see their healthcare provider. Some amount of vaginal discharge is normal, unless it occurs with itching, burning, or other bothersome symptoms. Most experts recommend an examination to determine the cause because different causes can have similar symptoms.

It is not abnormal to see white discharges in women with different age groups. In a specific face of menstrual cycle this discharge can be seen. This problem is generally seen in teenage girls. Little bit of white discharge is not at all a medical problem. But, it can cause discomfort for the lady having white discharge. Excess of the discharge in a lady can be a matter of concern.

The medical term used for this white color liquid is known as Leuchorroea.  This can give rise to many serious problems in the reproductive organ of the ladies.Women suffer from variety of health conditions that is mostly connected to genital organ and reproductive system. Getting white discharge is also a type of adverse physical condition that affects the overall health of the women.

Problem caused due to white discharge

  • How to treat the hormonal imbalance at home
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Pelvic inflammation
  • Hormonal problems
  • Vaginal infections
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Cervical infections

When to concern doctor?

  • Itching of the vulva, vaginal opening, or labia
  • Redness, burning, soreness, or swelling of the vulvar skin
  • Foamy or greenish-yellow discharge
  • Bad odor
  • Blood-tinged vaginal discharge
  • Pain with intercourse or urination
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain

Natural remedies for vaginal white discharge

  • Fenugreek seeds: This is treated as a natural home remedy for while liquid discharge in many ladies. You must consume it by diluting it with hot water. It will make your internally strong as you drink the liquid. You can also cook the Fenugreek seeds in 1 liter of water. Cooking should be done in an uninterrupted way for a period of 30 minutes. You must drink after the water is cooled down.
  • Lady finger: Most of the people have lady finger in their stock of vegetable.  You can boil lady finger and consume its thick slurry to get relief from white discharge naturally. Some ladies also soaks lady finger with yogurt and tampons. Consumption of yogurt will naturally stop the growth of bacterial in the vaginal area.
  • Many women are accustomed to experience some amount of vaginal secretion. This is good for heath as it cleans the bacterial and fungal growth in the vaginal area. Even during the sexual intercourse, the lubrication is possible due to the slippery surface with white discharge. This is known as normal Vaginal discharge.
  • Coriander seeds remedy: In order to avail coriander seeds remedy for white discharge in ladies, it will be important to soak few teaspoons of coriander seeds in water for the whole night. Now strain water from the solution in the morning and drink it early in the morning in empty stomach. This is one of the natural remedies to treat white discharge with no risk at all.
  • Indian gooseberry/ Amla: The other name for white discharge is leucorrhoea which has proved to have been treated well with Amla. You must slice the Indian gooseberry in pieces and dry them in sunlight. After few days it will become dry. Grind them and get powder out of it. Now take 2 teaspoon of such powder and mix it with same quantity of honey. Once the paste is prepared, just consume it to get the effective treatment. You must consume the paste 2 times in a day to get better result. For a diluted form, you can include the Amla powder and honey in water and drink it adequately.

This can be a serious concern to ladies.  This is the time to show doctor immediately. Thick white discharge backed with itching can also be a cause of vaginal thrush.  This is generally caused by the effect of yeast or fungus growth in the particular area. Finding the right treatment for any of these conditions is very important. A consultation with your doctor will help you pinpoint which options are best for you. For best treatment at affordable prices, please contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain.

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Reasons for Premature Ovarian Failure

Premature ovarian failure commonly called as primary ovarian insufficiency is a condition when your ovaries that is responsible to store and release eggs stops functioning before 40 years of age. Premature ovarian failure in most cases results in less quantity of egg production and in few rare cases eggs will never be produced and can lead to infertility in women.

In case of premature ovarian failure, normal amounts of hormones are not produced. Estrogen commonly called as female hormone plays an important role in fertility. Lack of estrogen production can lead to infertility and also inhibit egg production and release.

Restoring estrogen level in your body can help you in avoiding complications caused due to premature ovarian failure. The common complication seen due to premature ovarian failure is osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is caused due to low levels of estrogen in your body.

Premature Ovarian Failure Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of premature ovarian failure are similar to menopause or estrogen deficiency. The common symptoms include:

  • Irregular periods or amenorrhea
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Difficulty in conceiving
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Decreased sexual desire

Premature Ovarian Failure Causes

During normal conditions, pituitary gland releases certain hormones during menstrual cycle which can cause the eggs containing follicles to start maturing. Generally one or two sacs that are filled with fluid reach maturity every month. The eggs are released only when the follicle becomes mature and opens up. The mature egg enters the fallopian tube to get fertilized by a sperm cell that can result in pregnancy.

There are several factors that are responsible for premature ovarian failure.

The common factors that can cause loss of eggs or oocytes resulting in premature ovarian failure include:

1.  Chromosomal Defect

Genetic disorders are mainly associated with premature ovarian failure. The common genetic disorders include mosaic Turner’s syndrome. In mosaic Turner’s syndrome you will have only one normal X chromosome and an altered second X chromosome. The other genetic disorder is fragile X syndrome – in which the X chromosomes are fragile and breaks easily.

2.  Toxins

Toxin induced ovarian failure is common in cases when you are exposed to radiation therapy or chemotherapy while undergoing a cancer treatment. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can damage the genetic material present in your cells. Toxins also get accumulated in your body through cigarette smoking, chemical and certain pesticides that can also result in premature ovarian failure.

3.  Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases results in the production of certain antibodies in your body. The antibodies produced in your body during auto immune diseases acts against your ovarian tissues and harm the egg containing follicles present in your ovaries. The egg gets damaged due to the production of antibodies produced in your body.

4.  Other Unknown Factors

In few rare cases, premature ovarian failure is caused due to certain unknown factors that can’t be diagnosed with the basic tests. Your gynaecologist might ask for certain other test to determine the factors that can lead to premature ovarian failure.

If you experience any symptoms related to premature ovarian failure, then immediately consult the best gynecologist in London, Mrs. Sarah Hussain for quick suggestions and better results.


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What is Uterine Atony?

Uterine atony is also called as atony of the uterus is a diseased condition that occurs after childbirth. Uterine atony mainly occurs when the uterus is unable to contract after the delivery. Uterine atony is a serious condition that can be life- threatening and can lead to postpartum haemorrhage.

Usually after the delivery, your uterine muscles contract to deliver the placenta. Blood vessels that are attached to the placenta get compressed. The compression of these blood vessels helps in preventing bleeding.

In few cases the blood vessels excessively bleed, when the muscles fail to contract properly. Continuous bleeding generally leads to postpartum haemorrhage. During a postpartum haemorrhage there is a loss of more than 500 ml of blood after delivery of placenta.

Symptoms of Uterine Atony

The most common symptoms related to uterine atony includes:

  • Excessive and uncontrolled bleeding
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Backache

Causes of Uterine Atony

It is mainly caused when your muscles of uterus fail to contract after labor. There are different factors that prevent your uterine muscles from contracting:

  • Prolonged and rapid labor
  • Excessive enlargement of uterus
  • Excessive usage of oxytocin or general anaesthesia
  • Induced labor

Risk of uterine atony increases in conditions when:

  • You are delivering twins or triplets
  • You are older than 35 years of age
  • Your are obese or overweight
  • You have excess of amniotic fluid called polyhydramnios
  • Fetal macrosomia


It is mainly done to stop the bleeding and replacing the blood that is lost during the diseased condition. The main important treatments include:

  • Uterine Massage
  • Uterotonic drugs
  • Blood transfusion
  • Blood vessels are tied surgically
  • Uterine artery embolization
  • Hysterectomy

Atony of the uterus or uterine atony can be treated on early diagnosis. For any gynecology related suggestions and treatments, immediately please contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain in London. She can efficiently treat any gynecology related cases at the best affordable rates.

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