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Reasons for irregular periods:

Well, every woman really does not be excited on her periods but once she senses any difference in her period cycle, She will starting having different thoughts on the reasons causing her delayed period.

An irregular period is common in a woman due to many reasons in her lifestyle, But too much delay should not be ignored.

Your menstrual cycle begins on the first day of your menstruation and continues up to 2-7 days, but not including, the first day of your next period. Women’s cycles range from 21-40 days or more, with an average of around 28 days.

There are several other factors that may cause your periods to stop or to become lighter or less frequent, such as:

  • Excessive exercise
  • Being underweight or excessive dieting
  • Feeling upset or stressed
  • Severe long-term illness
  • A hormonal imbalance
  • A thyroid disorder
  • Stopping or starting the contraceptive pill or other hormonal contraception(including the patch, IUS (Mirena) coil, implant (rods) or injection)
  • Some medicines
  • Disorders of the womb or ovaries.

Remedies can be your solution:

  • Unripe Papaya. Green, unripe papaya is considered useful in regulating menstrual flow as it helps contract muscle fibers in the uterus
  • Reduce body fat through diet and exercise.
  • Manage stress. Try meditation or a gratitude journal
  • Apply warm Castor oil.

Irregular periods can also be a reason for few disorders like:

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS):

About 1 in 15 women have PCOS, a hormone-imbalance condition associated with insulin resistance. In PCOS, egg follicles form but they don’t release, leading to insufficient progesterone and sometimes heavy bleeding, Stanton explains. Even if you don’t have PCOS or insulin resistance, it’s important to shed excess weight. “Women who have a lot of belly fat have a lot of estrogens,” she says.

  • Perimenopause:

The earliest menopause signs—including hormone imbalance and failure to ovulate—can start in your late 30s and lead to heavy bleeding, says Pick. Chronic stress worsens the imbalance because the adrenal glands direct cortisol production toward stress response instead of using cortisol as a building block for progesterone.

  • A health condition or infection:

Structural problems, such as endometriosis, uterine polyps, and fibroids; low thyroid function; prolonged antibiotic use; and even infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to irregular, heavier periods.

For more details and solution for having a healthy reproductive system, have a consultation with Mrs. Sarah Hussain.

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Useful vitamins for Woman to maintian a healthy body

Vitamins are the essential nutrients that every organism need for a healthy body which can be gained through their diet. Vitamins can be taken in the form of food or directly through pills and vitamin supplements.

Gender doesn’t matter intake of vitamins but there is a difference between man and woman in choosing the right intake of vitamins. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), vitamins and micronutrients are essential for normal cell function, growth, and development.
Want to know the vitamins which help woman for a healthy body? Here are the details:

  1. Vitamins A –

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin which is also a powerful antioxidant and helps to maintain a glowing skin, Right vision, and healthy skeletal tissue. For pregnant women, the vitamin A demand is the highest during the last trimester; most often, women suffer from vitamin A deficiencies during this time. A pregnant woman can suffer from night blindness if her vitamin A intake is not sufficient

Intake Dose:

14 years old and up: 700 mcg/day

When pregnant: 750-770 mcg/day

When breastfeeding: 1,200-1,300 mcg/day

Dietary Sources:

Carrots, Apricots, cantaloupe, leafy vegetables etc.

  1. Vitamin B1 :

Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin which carries the nutrients into the bloodstream. B1 enables the body to use the carbohydrates as energy which plays a key role in the functioning of nerve, muscle, and heart.

Intake Dose:

Females age 14 to 18 years: 1.0 mg/day

Females age 19 and older: 1.1 mg/day

Dietary sources:

Lean meat, Nuts, seed, whole grains, oranges, eggs, potatoes etc.

  1. Vitamin B2:

Vitamin B2 is also called Riboflavin which converts carbohydrates to glucose, In addition to producing energy for the body, riboflavin works as an antioxidant, fighting damaging particles in the body known as free radicals.

Intake Dose:

Females age 14 to 18 years: 1.0 mg/day

Females age 19 and older: 1.1 mg/day

Dietary sources:

Brewers’s yeast, Almonds, Organ meat, Whole grains, Milk, Yogurt, eggs, broccoli etc.

  1. Vitamin B3:

Vitamin B3 is also called Niacin which helps in decreasing the cholesterol levels in the body. Niacin will modestly lowers Bad LDL cholesterol, For people who have already had a heart attack, niacin seems to lower the risk of a second one, The intake of 14 milligrams of niacin for a woman helps to maintain the healthy cholesterol levels.

Intake dose:

Women: 14 milligrams daily

Women (pregnant): 18 milligrams daily

Women (breastfeeding): 17 milligrams daily

Dietary sources:

Legumes, Fish, Poultry.

  1. Vitamin B5:

Vitamin B5, also known as pantothenic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is found in all living cells within the body. Vitamin B5 is essential for hormone production, immune system health, and producing energy.

Intake dose:

men and women 14 years and older, 5 mg

pregnant women, 6 mg

breastfeeding women, 7 mg

Dietary sources:

Broccoli, Sweet and white potatoes, Mushrooms, tomato, egg yolks, cereals, peanuts, soya etc.

  1. Vitamin c:

Vitamin C helps to repair and regenerate the tissues in the body. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the recommended vitamin C daily allowance (RDA) for adults over age 19 is:

women, 75 mg per day

pregnant women, 85 mg per day

breastfeeding women, 120 mg per day.

Dietary sources:

Citrus fruits, Strawberries, Brussels sprouts etc.

  1. Vitamin D:

Vitamin D helps your body to absorb the calcium and to maintain healthy bones. Low levels of vitamin D in pregnancy are associated with gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, and small infants.

Intake Dose:

children and teens: 600 IU

adults up to age 70: 600 IU

adults over age 70: 800 IU

pregnant or breastfeeding women: 600 IU

Dietary sources:

Skin to be exposed to the sunlight, Fish, Fish liver oil, Egg yolks, fortified milk etc.

  1. Vitamin E:

Vitamin E that plays the role of antioxidants preventing free radical damage to specific fats in the body that are critical for your health. It helps in balancing cholesterol, prevents disease development, Repairs damaged skin, prevents hair fall, Vitamin E is critical during pregnancy and for proper development in infants and children because it protects critical fatty acids and helps control inflammation.

Daily intake of the vitamin for females:

14 years and up : 15 mg/day (22.4 IU)

Pregnant: 15 mg/day (22.4 IU)

Breastfeeding: 19 mg/day (28.5 IU)

Dietary sources:

Mango, asparagus, vegetable oils, avocado, kiwi etc.

  1. Vitamin K:

Vitamin K plays a key role in helping the blood clot, preventing excessive bleeding. Unlike many other vitamins, vitamin K is not typically used as a dietary supplement. Low levels of vitamin K can raise the risk of uncontrolled bleeding. While vitamin K deficiencies are rare in adults, they are very common in newborn infants.

Intake dose:

pregnant women, 6 mg

breastfeeding women, 7 mg

Dietary sources:

Cauliflower, Kale, beef, leafy vegetables, meat, fish, cereals etc.

  1. Choline:

Choline is a water-soluble nutrient that is related to other vitamins, such as folate and those in the B vitamin complex family. Our bodies are able to make a small amount of choline on their own, but the rest we must obtain from food sources.

Intake dose:

Infants and babies: 125- 150 mg

Children ages 1-8: 150- 250 mg

Teens ages 8-13: 250- 375 mg

Women above age 14: 425- 550 mg

Pregnant women: 450-550 mg

Women who are breastfeeding: 550 mg

Dietary sources:

Eggs, Liver, beef, salmon, breast milk, cruciferous vegetables etc.

For any suggestions and queries contact Mrs. Sarah Hussein and discuss your problems with her and get the best solution.

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Premenstrual dysphoric disorder – Causes and Symptoms

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) experienced by approximately 3-8% of women in their reproductive years. It is disabling extension of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and it causes extreme mood shifts.

PMDD affects a woman’s mood significantly and should be taken seriously as a condition requiring medical attention. It is a biological condition, caused by changes in the chemicals produced by the brain. It is not a psychological or personality disorder, nor is it a figment of the imagination. PMDD affects about 5% of women who are in their reproductive years. Although this doesn’t sound like a big statistic, it is still a significant disorder because of the way it affects women. The most noticeable thing about PMDD is the way it interferes with a woman’s lifestyle in the days before her period.

Studies have shown a connection between PMDD and low levels of serotonin, a chemical in your brain that helps transmit nerve signals. Certain brain cells that use serotonin also control mood, attention, sleep, and pain. Hormonal changes may cause a decrease in serotonin, leading to PMDD symptoms. PMDD causes extreme mood shifts that can disrupt work and damage relationships.

Symptoms include:


 Markedly depressed mood or feelings of hopelessness

 Marked anxiety or tension, feeling keyed up or on edge

 Marked shifts in mood (suddenly tearful, overly sensitive)

 Persistent, marked anger or irritability, increased conflicts

 Loss of interest in usual activities (e.g., work, hobbies)

 Difficulty concentrating and focusing attention

 Marked lack of energy, feeling very easily tired

 Marked change in appetite, overeating, or food cravings

 Sleeping too much or having a hard time sleeping

 Feeling overwhelmed or out of control

 Physical symptoms (e.g., breast tenderness/swelling, headache, joint/muscle pain, bloatedness, weight gain).

If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms then contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain, a very experienced gynaecologist who can treat PMDD very well. As this is a chronic condition that necessitates

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Regular problems facing by women with their menstruation

Menstruation is a regular monthly shedding of a female uterus lining. Mostly during menstruation, Females will face many kinds of issues due to the hormonal changes in the body. The symptoms or the problems will be different for every individual according to the body type of a female.

Usually the day 1 starts with heavy abdominal pain and bleed and lasts for 3-5 days,  while day 14 is the approximate day you ovulate and if an egg is not fertilized, hormone levels eventually drop and at about day 25; the egg begins to dissolve and the cycle begins again with the period at about day 30.

In the first half of the cycle, levels of estrogen (the “female hormone”) start to rise. Estrogen plays an important role in keeping you healthy, especially by helping you to build strong bones and to help keep them strong as you get older. Estrogen also makes the lining of the uterus (womb) grow and thicken. This lining of the womb is a place that will nourish the embryo if a pregnancy occurs. At the same time, the lining of the womb is growing, an egg, or ovum, in one of the ovaries starts to mature. At about day 14 of an average 28-day cycle, the egg leaves the ovary. This is called ovulation

Problems facing by women during their menstrual cycle:

Amenorrhea: the Lack of menstruation

Reasons for why does amenorrhea occurs?

  • After a woman’s pregnancy.
  • Due to extreme weight loss.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Excessive exercise
  • Stress
  • Serious medical conditions

when your menstrual cycles come regularly, this means that important parts of your body are working normally. In some cases, not having menstrual periods can mean that your ovaries have stopped producing normal amounts of estrogen. Missing these hormones can have important effects on your overall health.

Dysmenorrhea: Painful periods including severe cramps.

Most of the women do not have any serious diseases but will have severe cramps at their periods. In older women, the pain is sometimes caused by a disease or condition such as uterine fibroids or endometriosis.

Abnormal uterine bleed:

Abnormal uterine bleed is different from the normal menstrual bleeding. The bleed with happens other than the menstrual period is called abnormal uterine bleed as:

  • Bleed between periods
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Spotting anytime in the menstrual cycle.
  • Bleeding heavier or more than normal in periods.
  • Bleeding after menopause.

Premenstrual syndrome: This is also called as PMS which starts 14 days before a period starts in a woman and stop occurring once the period starts.


  • Back pain
  • Acne
  • Food craving
  • Hot flashes
  • Mood swings
  • Headache
  • Swelling in hands and feet

Remedies of the menstrual problems:

1.  Using hot bag on the abdominal part give a bit relief from the menstrual cramps.

2.  Yoga and exercise give a lot of consistency and stamina to get ready for your periods.

3.  Taking a right and balanced diet and should maintain a healthy lifestyle.

4.  Reduce intake of salt, caffeine, and alcohol.

5.  Plenty of sleep with fixed bedtime.

But using anonymous medicine without consulting a doctor for any kind of menstrual problems are strictly not recommended by the gynaecologists.

Take the suggestions from your nearby and best gynaecologist. Mrs. Sarah Hussian is one of the experienced gynaecologists in London. Talk to her and get the best suggestions and treatments for a healthy reproductive cycle. Make an easy online appointment here.

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Why and when should you take your daughter for her first gynaecological exam?

As girls enter the teenage, it is important to make them educated regarding the hormonal and physical changes in their body. Any girl’s first visit to the Gynaecologist should be in between thirteen and fifteen.

When a girl reaches her puberty she gets the menstrual cycle. The idea behind visiting a gynaecologist is to make the girl aware of the correct information regarding the menstrual cycle and physical changes associated with it. You can make your daughter feel comfortable by taking her to gynaecologist and addressing her questions, misconceptions, and fears. This will make her more comfortable.

What is the importance of the first visit to Gynaecologist?

When your daughter starts getting her periods, she must be going through various states of mind such as embarrassment, fear, and nervousness. Before taking her to the gynaecologist, it is important to explain to her why it is important to visit the gynaecologist to make her more comfortable during her first gynaecological examination.

What to expect from your first visit to gynaecologist?

Your gynaecologist will first do the physical examination to ensure that all things are normal with respect to menstrual cycle and physical changes. Once the physical exam is done, she will provide you with all the essential information and your and your daughter’s concerns regarding sexuality, menstruation, sex and other changes occurring inside her body.

The Gynaecologist will also brief about different aspects and phases of woman’s life. Gynaecologist will also talk about prevention of pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Gynaecologist will also inform you about the healthy lifestyle practices to manage issues like the pain associated with menstruation, irregular periods and other reproductive problems.

Share your medical history with your gynaecologist

You and your daughter should be prepared to answer some general questions that the gynaecologist will ask you during your first visit regarding reproductive and medical history. For example:

When was the date of your last period?

Are you experiencing any problems with menstruation like pain or heavy bleeding?

Have you ever been sexually active or used any contraceptive or STD protection?

Do you have any worrisome itching, inflammation, sores, discharge or discomfort in or around the vagina?

Choosing your gynaecologist

You can choose your gynaecologist as per your convenience. Dr. Sarah Hussain, London gynaecologist, is one of the most experienced gynaecologist in London and is a specialist in urogynaecology and other gynaecological services.

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