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What is Vaginal Infection

What is Vaginal Infection? what are the types and symptoms?

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in the discharge, itching and pain. This is due to the change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection. A decrease in estrogen levels after menopause and some skin disorders can also cause vaginitis.

What is Vaginitis?

Vaginitis is an irritation or itching of your vagina or vulva. It’s natural and usually easy to treat. Most of the people with vulva get vaginitis at some point of time.

What are the types of Vaginitis?

Doctors refer to the various circumstances that cause an infection or inflammation of the vagina as vaginitis. The most common kinds are:

  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Candida or “yeast” infections
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Reactions or allergies (non-infectious vaginitis)
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Viral vaginitis

Treatment depends on the nature vaginitis you have.

Although they may have many symptoms, a diagnosis can be tricky even for an experienced doctor.


Vaginitis signs and symptoms can include:

  • Change in colour, odour or amount of discharge from your vagina
  • Vaginal itching or irritation
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Painful urination
  • Light vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Your vagina and/or vulva is red, irritated, swollen, or you feel uncomfortable
  • Burning in your vulva or vagina
  • you Feel like to pee more often than usual. Peeing may hurt if your vulva is really irritated
  • Viginal Discharge that isn’t normal for you.

If you have vaginal discharge, which many women don’t the characteristics of the discharge might indicate the type of vaginitis you have that include:

Bacterial Vaginosis: You may form greyish-white foul-smelling discharge. The odour often described as a fishy odour, might be more obvious after sexual intercourse.

Yeast Infection: The main symptom is itching, but you might have a white, thick discharge that relates cottage cheese.

Trichomoniasis: An infection known as trichomoniasis can cause a greenish-yellow, sometimes frothy discharge.

Vaginitis symptoms can be super simple, or barely noticeable. Sometimes there are no symptoms at all. It’s a good idea to be aware of what your vulva and vaginal discharge normally looks, feels and smells like, so it’s easier to notice any changes that could be signs of vaginitis or other infections.

Vaginitis really irritating you and was looking for treatment Mrs Sarah Hussain is a excellent gynaecologist at London with utmost experience who handles gynic related issues. Get an appointment now or contact us today.

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how are fibroid treated and daignosed

How are Fibroids diagnosed and what are the treatments?

Fibroids are most often found during a usual pelvic examination along with an abdominal examination, may means a firm, suspicious pelvic mass to the physician. In addition to a complete medical history report and physical and pelvic and/or abdominal examination, diagnostic methods for uterine fibroids.

Fibroids Diagnosis includes

  • X-ray: Electromagnetic energy that is used to generate images of bones and internal organs onto film.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound (also called ultrasonography): It’s an Ultrasound testing that uses a small instrument known as a transducer which is placed in the vagina.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): It is a non-invasive method which produces a two-dimensional view of an internal organ or structure.
  • Hysterosalpingography: It is the x-ray test for the uterus and fallopian tubes that uses dye. It is often implemented to rule out tubal obstruction.
  • Hysteroscopy: It is the instrument inserted through the vagina in order to see the canal of the cervix and the interior of the uterus by using the viewing instrument.
  • Endometrial Biopsy: A sample of tissue is obtained through a tube that is inserted into the uterus.
  • Blood Test: In order to check for iron-deficiency anaemia when they cause heavy bleeding by a tumour.

Treatment for Fibroids

When the woman approaches menopause so the fibroids stop growing or may even shrink. Many health care providers may simply suggest “watchful waiting” so the health care providers will monitor the woman’s symptoms carefully to ensure that there are no significant changes or developments and so the fibroids are not growing. In women whose fibroids are large or are causing significant symptoms, treatment may also be necessary. Treatment will be defined by your health care provider based on:

  • Your overall health and medical history reports
  • The range of the disease
  • Your patience for specific medications, procedures or therapies
  • Expectations for the development of the disease
  • Your feeling or decision

In general, treatment for fibroids may include:

  • Hysterectomy. Hysterectomies involve the surgical elimination of the entire uterus. Fibroids endure the number one cause for hysterectomies in the United States.
  • Conservative surgical therapy. Conservative surgical therapy uses a mode called a myomectomy. With this approach, physicians will eliminate the fibroids, but leave the uterus entire to enable a future pregnancy.
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH agonists). This procedure reduces the levels of estrogen and triggers “medical menopause.” Sometimes GnRH agonists are used to contracting the fibroid, making surgical treatment easier.
  • Anti-hormonal agents. Certain drugs reverse estrogen and resemble effective in treating fibroids. Anti-progestins that block the action of progesterone, are also sometimes used.
  • Uterine artery embolization. Also known as uterine fibroid embolization, uterine artery embolization (UAE) is (newer minimally invasive) without a large abdominal incision technique. The arteries supplying blood to the fibroids are recognised, then embolized (blocked off). The embolization cuts off the blood accumulation to the fibroids, thus shrinking them. Health care providers continue to assess the long-term relationships of this procedure on fertility and regrowth of the fibroid tissue.
  • Anti-inflammatory painkillers. This type of drug is often sufficient for women who experience occasional pelvic pain or discomfort.

Explore at my gynae with Mrs Sarah Hussain for testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease. Book an appointment or contact us.

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What is Fibroid? what are its symptoms and causes?

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often seems during the childbearing years. It also called leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids aren’t associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.

What are Fibroids?

uterine fibroid

Fibroids are unusual growths that develop in or on a woman’s uterus. Sometimes these fibroids become quite large and can cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. In other situations, they cause no signs or symptoms at all. The growths are typically noncancerous. These may sometimes also known as many names like:

  • Leiomyomas
  • Myomas
  • Uterine myomas
  • Fibromas

According to researches of National Institute of Health(NIH), nearly about 80% of women have been facing the fibroids by the age of 50. However, most women don’t have any symptoms and even they may never know that they have fibroids.

What are the types of fibroids?

The type of fibroid a woman develops that depends on its location in or on the uterus.

  • Intramural fibroids – Intramural fibroids are the most regular type of fibroid. They generally appear within the muscular wall of the uterus. They may grow in larger size and can stretch your womb.
  • Subserosal Fibroids – It forms on the outer part of your uterus, which is called the serosa. They may grow larger in size to make your womb appear larger on one side
  • Pedunculated Fibroids – Subserosal tumours can form a stem, a thin base that supports a tumour. When they do, they’re known as pedunculated fibroids.

  • Submucosal fibroids – These tumours can develop in the middle muscle layer or myometrium of your uterus. Submucosal tumours aren’t as general as the other types.

What are the Symptoms of Fibroids?

Some women may notice out they have uterine fibroids because their doctor discovers them during a routine exam or ultrasound. If you have symptoms that might include:

  • Heavy bleeding or painful periods
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Pressure, pain or fullness in your lower stomach
  • Enlarged abdomen or uterus
  • Constipation
  • Always need to pee often or trouble to empty your bladder
  • Pain during sex
  • Miscarriage or infertility.

What are the causes of fibroids?

The exact cause of fibroids is not known. Several factors can be responsible such as:

  • Estrogen and progesterone which are the hormones produced by the ovaries during a woman’s childbearing years may stimulate the growth of the fibroids
  • A person who has a family history of fibroids can be prone to it.
  • Since the production of estrogen and progesterone increase during pregnancy, a pregnant woman is more prone to fibroids.

Your prognosis will completely depend on the size and location of your fibroids. Fibroids may not require treatment if they ‘re small or don’t produce symptoms.

If you are facing the problem with fibroids then come to Mrs Sarah Hussain one of the top Gynaecologist in London will slove your fibroids. Fix the appointment or contact us today.

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What are the causes, Diagnosis and also treatments for Leucorrhea?

Extreme discharge of a thick, whitish or yellowish, sticky, foul-smelling material from the vagina is called Leucorrhoea. This simple problem may happen due to unhygienic conditions, infection of the genital tract, or impaired immune function.

Perversely, most women are highly ashamed of this problem. Well, women’s are not only abashed in front of others because of this, but most of them also dodge discussing the problem with their medical health care providers, which is why the treatment for vaginal discharge affected by leucorrhoea could be a bit of a challenge

Causes of Leukorrhea:

Causes of Leucorrhea

  • Extreme intake of oily, spicy and unhealthy junk food.    
  • Hormonal inequality caused due to severe mental stress and trauma too can cause leucorrhoea in young girls.
  • Overindulgence in sexual activity.       
  • Following an irregular diet and lifestyle during menstrual cycles.       
  • Improper vaginal hygiene can cause leucorrhoea.
  • Alcohol & smoking etc.

Diagnosis of Leukorrhea

A good gynaecologist should be consulted when symptoms of leukorrhea are recognised. The exact cause of leukorrhea requires to be determined so that proper treatment can be given. The routine diagnosis may involve the following:

  • Physical testing of the vaginal region for injuries.
  • Microbiological culture tests are done to diagnose the exact underlying cause of the infection. The presence of gram-negative diplococci indicates bacterial infections; while the presence of spores and mycelia are indicative of fungal infections.
  • Pap smear and biopsy of the cervix to check for cervical cancer.
  • Blood tests and urine tests to detect infections.
  • Vaginal and cervix pH is defined. Vaginal pH is 4.5 and it is raised in bacterial infections and trichomoniasis.
  • PCR is used to discover antigens of Trichomonas.

Treatment of Leukorrhea

A woman should consult a gynaecologist when the outflow is too heavy and is not showing normal characteristics. Physiological leukorrhea is majorly caused due to hormonal imbalance. Therefore, treatment to enhance or correct this imbalance will be helpful. In the case of pathological leukorrhea, antibiotics are prescribed to kill the infectious agent. Trichomonas is handled with Metronidazole and Chlamydia is treated with Azithromycin. A number of home remedies are present to handle leukorrhea. However, pregnant women should visit a doctor before trying on any of the home remedies or taking the over the counter medicines to treat leukorrhea.

Diet and Lifestyle Advice:

  • Drink plenty of water. Stay well hydrated.      
  • Eat more of fresh fruits and vegetables.        
  • Add bananas, cranberry juice, oranges, lemons, black plums, okra, leafy greens, onions, yoghurt in your diet.     
  • Add healthy herbs and spices such as ginger, garlic, fenugreek and coriander in your diet.  
  • Eat complicated carbs (like whole grains, brown rice, oats, etc), lean protein (fish, yoghurts, nuts, sprouts, etc) and low-fat dairy products.      
  • Keep proper hygiene. Wash or clean undergarments with an antibiotic solution, and let them dry under the sun.
  • Wear loose, cotton clothes and garments.     
  • Exercise daily. Start with morning walks daily morning.
  • Avoid stress. Stress and strain since it may influence the hormonal level and may increase secretions. Try yoga.
  • Bypass simple carbs like white rice, white bread, maida, refined products, etc.        
  • Avoid foods that will increase this problem or increase your chances of getting leucorrhoea so avoid all heavy, oily, fried, sugary, spicy, and sour foods.       
  • Avoid tea, coffee, alcohol, aerated drinks.         
  • Avoid non-vegetarian food.        
  • Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes.         
  • Avoid wearing synthetic or nylon underwear.

Are you facing the Leukorrhea problem and was in search of the best doctor Mrs Sarah Hussain one of the top gynaecologists in London having years of experience in handling the gynic problems. Take appointment now or reach us today.

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What is Leukorrhea what are the Types and symptoms of Leukorrhea

What is Leukorrhea? what are the Types and symptoms of Leukorrhea?

Leukorrhea is also called Leucorrhoea and is a medical condition where a woman undergoes white, thin and sticky vaginal discharge. It is also called ‘Whites’. It is observed globally in women of reproductive age. Any variation in its colour, consistency and odour is an indication of infection and needs to be treated right away.

What is Leukorrhea?

Women all over the world at some point in their life encounter vaginal discharge called Leukorrhea. It is white (or clear), thin (or thick), sticky and odourless. Leukorrhea appears from the mucus secreted from the walls of the cervix and vagina. It is caused by the rise in levels of hormones, especially estrogen. The appearance of leukorrhea indicates that the vagina is kept clean and is in healthy condition. Vaginal discharge is formed secreted from vagina and cervix along with old cells and common bacterial flora of the vagina.

Some women experience leukorrhea more often than others. Although, leukorrhea is common and considered normal to befall; however, many women spot it scary and is uncomfortable. Further, women are ashamed of this condition with their peers and physician. Hence, leukorrhea becomes a challenge.

Types of Leukorrhea

There are two main types of leukorrhea:

Physiological Leukorrhea

The white discharge which befalls during puberty, pregnancy and in female infants is called physiological leukorrhea. It is a normal process and has no accompanying symptoms.

  • Leukorrhea during Puberty: It begins in the generative age (puberty) within some months to a year after the onset of the girl’s menses. Leukorrhea occurs between girl’s menstrual cycles and lasts for a few days to weeks. Vagina provides a lot more watery or sticky discharge during ovulation.
  • Leukorrhea during Pregnancy: Leukorrhea is normal in pregnancy due to the increase in the levels of estrogen hormone and changes in the walls of the cervix. It is seen around the start of the second trimester (at 13 weeks) and increases as the pregnancy progress. It offers security to the birth canal from infections and allows growth of healthy bacteria in the vagina.
  • Newborn Infants: Leukorrhea is viewed in new-born female infants for the initial one to two months after their birth. This is due to intra-uterine susceptibility to estrogen when the infant was in the womb.

Pathological Leukorrhea

Vaginal discharge with a change in the colour, consistency and smell due to infections or diseases of the female reproductive system is called pathological type of leukorrhea. The discharge of yellow or green colour with an unpleasant odour is abnormal and alarming. In addition, it is often characterised by pain and swelling around labia. Pathological leukorrhea is caused by germs due to bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms. Female genitals are wet and covered for most of the time. Further, sweat in this area is normal, which makes the female genitals more likely to infection and inflammation. Pathological leukorrhea needs immediate medical attention.

Symptoms of Leukorrhea

Symptoms of leucorrhora

Commonly observed symptoms of leukorrhea are:

  • Change in colour, consistency and odour. Yellow or green, thick, milky discharge with a bad odour
  • Persistent and abundant vaginal discharge
  • Pain during micturition
  • Pain in the pelvic region and calves
  • Lethargy and weakness
  • Itching in the genital region
  • Spot on the undergarments
  • Headaches

Physiological leukorrhea is common and generally not a thing of concern. Pathological leukorrhea definitely needs medical attention and needs to be treated to prevent complications.

If you are experiencing any unusual type of vaginal discharge at any time, you should see a health professional and not try any over-the-counter treatments or home remedies by yourself.

Mrs Sarah Hussain one of the top Gynaecologist who has years of experience. Do contact her or book the appointment now.

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