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Cervical cancer

Cervical Cancer: Every Women Must Know Facts


Pap test is done on the women to find and remove abnormal cells before they turn into cervical cancer. Getting a Pap test was not a fun part of your day. The Pap Test is reasonably easy. But, placing your legs in stirrups can be embarrassing and uncomfortable. Moreover, this Pap test is undoubtedly worth the brief discomfort. 

With cervical cancer extending to affect women worldwide, it’s essential to understand the disease known as silent Killer and what we can make to enhance our chances of beating it. 

Statistics about Cervical Cancer

  • Women of all ages are at danger of cervical cancer. 
  • In the US, about 13000 women were diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer, and 4000 women are dying as a consequence of this examination.
  • The number of new cases has been decreasing over the past decades’ thanks to the Pap test; Cervical Cancer is still the second most common type of cancer for women worldwide.

Must-know facts about Cervical Cancer 

Here is the list of six facts you need to know about cervical cancer:

  • Most Cervical Cancer cases are Preventable: Cervical cancer is induced by HPV; the easy way to stop cervical cancer is to prevent HPV infection. Likewise, other vaccines, the HPV vaccine helps your immune system to produce an antibody retort that defends your body against the virus. This vaccination is delivered in two or three shots over six months to both males and females age between 9 – 26.
  • Specific strains of HPV cause cancer: HPV is a serious problem, but not all cancer sign HPV is a group of 150 and more related viruses. Men and women have ever had intercourse will get HPV at someday in their lives. Certain strains can cause cervical cancer. Most HPV infections go away without treatment and are not linked to cancer.
  • HPV is the top 1 reason to cause of cervical cancer: Cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus, which is a common virus that can be passed from one person to another through sexual activity. It creates any symptoms and can be passed on to others without knowing. 
  • Smoking can increase the risk of cervical cancer: Smoking weakens your immune system, making it more critical for your body to fight HPV infection on its own. There is also proof that long-term use of oral contraceptives as well as being an overweight increase the risk of cervical cancer. 

Cervical Cancer can be polarised. Still, because of steady research, medical experts have come up with some useful results that can pave the way for a higher quality of life and effective treatments. 

Mrs Sarah Hussain is a private gynaecologist who can treat all types of gynic problems with the best solutions. For more information schedule an appointment

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Abnormal-Vaginal-Discharge vs normal vaginal discharge

Normal Vaginal Discharge vs Abnormal Vaginal Discharge

The general purpose of the vagina is to provide way from the outside of the vagina to the uterus. The actual acidic pH of the vagina works to block infections and is generated by natural, good, bacteria present in the vagina. On a routine day, the vagina maintains itself clean and in a hygienic state by producing clear, mucus-like discharges. The general balance of the vagina can be interrupted by anything that interferes with its healthy environment. 

What is meant by Normal Discharge?

It’s important to note that all women undergo some vaginal discharge. Glands in the vagina and cervix create small amounts of fluid that seeps out of the body every day, taking old cells with it. 

Your normal vaginal discharge serves to clean the vagina, as well as keep it oiled and free from infection and other germs. It does not have a smell and typically has no disgusting odour at all. Normal discharge often looks clear or milky when it get dries on your panties. Seldom, you may see a release that is thin and sticky looking. 

Things that can upset the natural pH balance of your vagina and drive to vaginal infections include:

  • Vaginal douches
  • Feminine hygiene products
  • Antibiotics
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy

How to check your vaginal discharge?

Did you know that vaginal checkup is as important as a breast exam? A self-exam will help you to detect abnormal vaginal discharge earlier and start treatment sooner. 

What does normal vaginal discharge look like?

There are three things to look out for: the colour of your vaginal discharge, its volume, and smell. 

  • Colour and consistency: If you recognise that your discharge is clear and watery, this is a sign of normal vaginal discharge. This is normal and can occur after an exercise. If the release is clear, sticky like egg white, it’s a sign that is ovulating. Even you notice a brown or bloody discharge; this is normal if it happens during or after your menstrual cycle. 
  • Volume: Before ovulation, the discharge will increase in volume in the days. After ovulation, the fluid volume will decrease in the first or second day. The vagina might also produce more fluid when you are aroused.
  • Smell: An odourless or a mild but not unpleasant discharge is a sign of common vaginal discharge. The light smell might be due to a mix with some urine or blood from your menstruation.

What is abnormal vaginal discharge?

If you see that the colour, smell, or volume looks unusual than normal, you could be suffering from an infection or other condition. You should consult with your doctor, particularly if you also have vaginal itching or burning. 

Colours of abnormal vaginal discharge

An abnormal discharge colour can be a sign of a possible infection or even cancer. A different colour is a sign of a different condition. 

  • Bloody or brown: This is a sign of irregular cycles or often cervical or endometrial cancer. Other symptoms like abnormal vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain.
  • Yellow: Is a sign of Gonorrhea. Symptoms such as pelvic pain, urinary incontinence, and bleeding between periods
  • Yellowish or greenish with a bad smell: This is a sign of Trichomoniasis. Some of the common symptoms include pain and itching while urinating.
  • Pinkish: it is a sign that your uterine lining is shedding after childbirth. 
  • White, grey or yellow with a fishy smell: This is a sign of bacterial vaginosis. Symptoms involve itching, redness or swelling of the vagina or vulva. 
  • Thick, white cheesy: Which is a sign that indicates suffering from yeast infection. Symptoms involve swelling and pain around the vulva, itching and pain during intercourse.

When to see your doctor?

If you notice any of these above signs, it is advised to seek medical care for your vaginal discharge. If you noticed a change in colour, odour or texture or have other symptoms like burning and itching, make an appointment with your doctor.

Mrs Sarah Hussain is one of the best private consultant gynaecologists, where you can get the best treatment for gynae issues. For more details, schedule an appointment

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A Diet for Your Pelvic Floor: The Do’s and Don’ts

Food is everything that everyone wants either it for the healthy look, or it may be the diet. Today most of the women all over the world are hopping on board with the diet trends. However, it seems that even with many diet variations out there, women are still missing the mark and dieting for the wrong reasons. The must commit for the diet that benefits her body, especially her pelvic floor. 

A pelvic floor of a woman is the group of muscles that occupies from the tailbone to the pelvic bone. These muscles support to cushion and keep the bladder, uterus, rectum and urethra in place. If these muscles are unable to function correctly, women can face the pelvic floor disorders such as indulgence and prolapse. A sturdy and healthy pelvic floor is crucial for a woman’s day-to-day bodily working system. 

There are several ways for women to make assured that they are keeping their pelvic floor healthy. The most crucial technique is to do Kegels, but a woman’s diet also plays a huge role. 

Here we discuss the pelvic floor diet do’s and don’ts.

What to eat for a healthy Pelvic Floor?

Don’ts for healthy pelvic floor

Consuming anything in excess is bad. It is not necessary to ban particular food from your diet, but it is good to consume them sparingly. Here is the list of food items that are to be limited to consume as they can cause digestive problems which cause overuse of the bladder. Generally, a woman’s bladder or any pelvic floor part is overactive; it can overwork or weaken the entire group of muscles.

  • Highly acidic fruits and veggies like tomato, cranberry, orange will irritate the bladder lining due to their high acidity.
  • Alcohol is a diuretic and bladder irritant when consumed it accelerates the rate that kidney gathers water and causes 
  • the bladder to drain more frequently, which is not the right combination.
  • Spicy foods will cause bladder burn, which will irritate to the bladder lining.
  • Carbonated beverages can trigger overactive bladder symptoms because carbonated drinks tend to tickle and irritate the bladder. 
  • Artificial Sugars and sweeteners will worsen symptoms of overactive bladder which is similar reasons as if like carbonated beverages. 
  • Caffeinated beverages are a diuretic and bladder irritant which cause the kidney to make more urine than usual and also overuse and sensitivity in the bladder. 

Do’s for healthy Pelvic Floor.

The diet with healthy food provides natural digestive regulation which will benefit overall pelvic floor health for the simple reason that they do not irritate. Here are some of the food items that every woman must make sure to have in their daily diet.

  • Pure water which hydrates the body and flushes out toxins that help digestions and all other bodily functions smoothly.
  • Low-acidic fruits and veggies like apricots, melons, bananas, carrots will supply the body with some nutrients that don’t irritate the pelvic floor. 
  • Omega-3 fatty acids will generate from fish; this decreases the inflammation, helps in reducing any irritations caused by other food or drink.
  • Herbal/caffeine-free teas that provide natural nutrition and hydration without causing the problems 

The well-balanced diet filled with lots of essential nutrients that all women should be consuming anyway. An effective pelvic floor-friendly diet comes with the moderation of the good and bad. 

Mrs Sarah Hussain is the UKs Consultant Gynaecologist have expertise in dealing with the pelvic floor disorders even she advices the diet for a healthy pelvic floor. Book an appointment to take advice to have a healthy pelvic floor.

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About cervical cancer symptoms and its myths

About Cervical cancer Symptoms and it’s myths

Early diagnosis is essential when you think of any form of cancer, as it increases the chance of survival. But some of the tumours are more dangerous than others if left untreated and cervical cancer is one among them. Recognising cervical cancer at the stage-1 in the earliest stage will have the highest chance of surviving. But getting diagnosed at stage 4 will have only a 5% chance of surviving for five years or longer. That’s the reason why it’s crucial to know what changes to look out for and get them tested ASAP. 

Based on the survey conducted by Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust, nearly 3000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year in the UK. 

What are the early signs you need to look?

Not every woman diagnosed with cervical cancer have symptoms; that’s the reason why it’s crucial to visit cervical screening. 

Early signs can include: 

  1. Abnormal bleeding: The most common and most initial sign of cervical cancer tends to be irregular bleeding which will be caused during or after sex, between periods and also post-menopause. This will occur when cancer cells grow on the tissue below the cervix. It is the alarming sign in postmenopausal women who no longer have periods. There is no age limit for developing cervical cancer. 
  2. Discomfort or pain during sex: Pain during sex can be a sign of several different issues, but is cervical cancer. As this cancer often comes with no symptoms, pain during sex is one key indicator and a sign that the tumour is expanding to surrounding tissues.
  3. Unintended weight loss: Weight loss is not a good sign if it occurs apparently without any cause. An appetite loss and unexpected weight loss will be signs that the body isn’t working correctly. 
  4. Lower back pain: It could be a sign that something wrong with your reproductive system. Persistent pain – just one-off twinges in the lower back, pelvis or appendix can be symptoms of cervical cancer. 
  5. Unusual vaginal discharge: Discharge is common for everyone, but you need to know what is normal. If you notice that the colour, smell and texture has changed, then it is a sign that you need to visit our Private gynaecologist. When tissues lack oxygen, it can cause an infection which leads to strange-smelling discharge.

As the disease advances, it can result in: 

  • Increased need to pee
  • Blood in pee
  • Bleeding from the bottom
  • Diarrhoea
  • Incontinence
  • Lower limb swelling

What to do if you undergo any of these symptoms?

If you recognise any of these symptoms, it’s good to visit your private gynaecologist immediately. It doesn’t matter if you have had a recent smear test or not – or if you are under 25 and have not been offered anyone yet. Though it’s rare cervical cancer can strike earlier. Though cervical cancer is rare and all of these symptoms are often caused by something other than cancer. But if you notice any symptoms, it is imperative to get checked by your consultant gynaecologist. Usually, women don’t have any symptoms early, and that’s why it’s so absolutely crucial that you go for a smear test. 

Cervical Cancer common myths – busted

As there is a lot of misinformation about the disease out there and that’s putting loads of us at risk. 

  1. HPV is rare: False
  2. Only promiscuous people get HPV: False
  3. Smear Tests are cervical cancer tests: False
  4. Smear tests will hurt: False
  5. Only young people will get Cervical cancer: False
  6. If you have the HPV vaccine, then you no need to go for a smear test: False

If you notice any of the above symptoms, it is better to visit your private gynaecologist to get treated in the early stage of cervical cancer. 

Did you notice any of the symptoms? Then visit our private gynaecologist at UK, Mrs Sarah Hussain, the leading consultant gynaecologist having extensive experience in treating the women with cervical cancer. For more information, book an appointment now.

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Breaking down women health taboos cervical screening at 20 year low

Breaking Down Women’s Health Taboos – Cervical Screening at 20-year Low

Many problems are affecting the health of women and girls, remain off-limits. This strain often causes women to neglect concerns regarding their health; the fear of embarrassment can leave them suffering in silence. One must do more to homework to address this and break down taboos surrounding gynaecological health. 

Women usually make up 51% of the population, and healthcare professionals have unique opportunities to influence women’s health across their life course positively. Most of the concerns are not about ill-health but about helping them to do normal things like having safe sex, prevent pregnancy, become pregnant and have healthy menopause and post-menopausal life. Here we have come up with the most impact that must be promoted on the concerns of preventative measures to better the health of all women at every age and stage of their lives. 

One in four women never take up their screening invitation: It is vital to see that gynaecological health always remains a taboo subject among the ordinary people. About 21000 women being diagnosed with one of the five forms of gynaecological cancer every year in the UK. Cervical cancer has to lead to the death of two women a day, even though it is a preventable disease, yet the screening rates are meagre at their lower level in two decades. There is proof that shows that routine screening that can detect pre-cancer abnormalities prevents up to 75% of cervical cancers. However, only one in four women doesn’t go for their screening invitation. Early detection will increase the survival rates, so it very necessary to create awareness about the disease, especially about the symptoms and preventive methods. 

Later maternal age and weight can increase the risk of miscarriage: This digital era has brought with it the largest group of adolescents in history ever, and we quickly ensure that they take control of their fertility. To have a successful life, women need to be more cared for, even educate them about their health, and it would be good if you empower them to make informed about their health. Presently around 15% of the couples experiencing infertility, it’s nearly about 3.5 million people in the UK. When the women decide to have a baby or are already pregnant, she may not realise the impact of maternal age and weight can have on her ability to conceive or have a healthy pregnancy. As we know that female fertility starts to decline gradually from the late 20s and more rapidly for the mid – 30s onwards. 

The fact is that taking longer to get pregnant or later maternity and being overweight can involve a higher risk of miscarriage, more complicated labour, and high rates of medical intervention at birth. 

Mrs.Sarah Hussain advises both men and women about the implications that maternal age . For more details, contact us at or book the appointment now. 

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