Menopause is the time after you have your last period. Post-menopausal bleeding(PMB) is vaginal bleeding or Spotting that happens at least 12 months after a woman has stopped having menstrual cycles due to menopause.
PMB is not pertinent to young women having amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual periods) due to anorexia nervosa or having a pregnancy followed by lactation. PMB may be related to those young women who are suffering from premature ovarian failure or premature menopause. Vaginal bleeding is a symptom of PMB.
Causes of PMB
- Atrophy– This occurs when the vagina and pelvic organs become depleted of oestrogen which is a hormone produced by the ovaries and in much lower quantities after the menopause. The lack of this hormone leads to thinning of the vaginal skin and blood vessels come nearer to the surface, which can lead to soreness and bleeding.
- Polyp – Cervical or womb polyps are tissue growths that are formed in the cervix (neck of the womb) or the womb itself.
- Endometrial hyperplasia– A thickened womb lining which can be caused by hormone replacement therapy (HRT), high levels of oestrogen or by being overweight; if left untreated this can lead to development of womb cancer(also known as endometrial cancer).
- Uterine fibroids.
- Infection of the uterine lining (endometritis).
- Medications such as hormone therapy and tamoxifen.
- Pelvic trauma.
- Bleeding from the urinary tract or rectum.
- Excessive overgrowth of the cells that make up the lining of the uterus (endometrial hyperplasia).
Post menopausal bleeding needs to be checked out by a doctor. Mostly it is a sign of a minor health problem but can sometimes be an early sign of more serious disease. It’s important to make the diagnosis as early as possible. Are you experiencing any problem related to PMB then immediately Contact Sarah Husain for better solution and treatment.