The tissue that lines inside uterus is known as the Endometrium. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. It most commonly involves in ovaries, bowel or the tissue lining pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread to pelvic region.
Signs and symptoms
Most common symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Pelvic pain – which is associated with menstrual periods rarely and the pain can be severe and debilitating
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Abnormal menstrual bleeding (heavy periods or bleeding between periods)
- Difficulty or inability to get pregnant.
- Lower back pain
- Bowel pain, bloating, pain with passing wind or pain when passing a bowel motion.
- Constipation or Diarrhea
- Constant tiredness
- Premenstrual syndrome
- Depression and mood disturbances
- Pain before or while passing urine or recurrent urinary tract infections.
Causes of Endometriosis
The reason for the cause of endometriosis is explained by most accepted theories:
- Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus.
- Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue “travels” through the body via blood vessels. It then reaches various tissues, implants, and then grows, causing pain.
- Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth.
If endometriosis is not found and treated carefully, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. So consult best urgogynacologist @ Sarah for relieving pain, controlling the progression of the endometriosis, and preserving fertility for future childbearing.