Fibroids are most often found during a usual pelvic examination along with an abdominal examination, may means a firm, suspicious pelvic mass to the physician. In addition to a complete medical history report and physical and pelvic and/or abdominal examination, diagnostic methods for uterine fibroids.
Fibroids Diagnosis includes
- X-ray: Electromagnetic energy that is used to generate images of bones and internal organs onto film.
- Transvaginal ultrasound (also called ultrasonography): It’s an Ultrasound testing that uses a small instrument known as a transducer which is placed in the vagina.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): It is a non-invasive method which produces a two-dimensional view of an internal organ or structure.
- Hysterosalpingography: It is the x-ray test for the uterus and fallopian tubes that uses dye. It is often implemented to rule out tubal obstruction.
- Hysteroscopy: It is the instrument inserted through the vagina in order to see the canal of the cervix and the interior of the uterus by using the viewing instrument.
- Endometrial Biopsy: A sample of tissue is obtained through a tube that is inserted into the uterus.
- Blood Test: In order to check for iron-deficiency anaemia when they cause heavy bleeding by a tumour.
Treatment for Fibroids
When the woman approaches menopause so the fibroids stop growing or may even shrink. Many health care providers may simply suggest “watchful waiting” so the health care providers will monitor the woman’s symptoms carefully to ensure that there are no significant changes or developments and so the fibroids are not growing. In women whose fibroids are large or are causing significant symptoms, treatment may also be necessary. Treatment will be defined by your health care provider based on:
- Your overall health and medical history reports
- The range of the disease
- Your patience for specific medications, procedures or therapies
- Expectations for the development of the disease
- Your feeling or decision
In general, treatment for fibroids may include:
- Hysterectomy. Hysterectomies involve the surgical elimination of the entire uterus. Fibroids endure the number one cause for hysterectomies in the United States.
- Conservative surgical therapy. Conservative surgical therapy uses a mode called a myomectomy. With this approach, physicians will eliminate the fibroids, but leave the uterus entire to enable a future pregnancy.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH agonists). This procedure reduces the levels of estrogen and triggers “medical menopause.” Sometimes GnRH agonists are used to contracting the fibroid, making surgical treatment easier.
- Anti-hormonal agents. Certain drugs reverse estrogen and resemble effective in treating fibroids. Anti-progestins that block the action of progesterone, are also sometimes used.
- Uterine artery embolization. Also known as uterine fibroid embolization, uterine artery embolization (UAE) is (newer minimally invasive) without a large abdominal incision technique. The arteries supplying blood to the fibroids are recognised, then embolized (blocked off). The embolization cuts off the blood accumulation to the fibroids, thus shrinking them. Health care providers continue to assess the long-term relationships of this procedure on fertility and regrowth of the fibroid tissue.
- Anti-inflammatory painkillers. This type of drug is often sufficient for women who experience occasional pelvic pain or discomfort.