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Menstrual Disorders

Menstruation is that time of the month when a woman’s womb (uterus) sheds its lining, causing bleeding through the vagina. It  usually lasts for about 3 to 5 days. But it differs from woman to woman. A menstrual disorder is an irregular condition in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It may lead to absence of periods or infrequent periods.

Types of Menstrual Disorders: 

Following are some of the common Menstrual Disorders:

Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB): AUB includes heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia), no menstrual bleeding (amenorrhea) or bleeding in between periods (metrorrhagia).

Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) could be caused by:

Amenorrhea refers to the absence of menstrual periods which can be classified as:

  • Primary (when menstrual periods have not started by age 15 years)
  • Secondary (when menstrual periods are absent for more than three to six months in a woman who previously had periods)

Dysmenorrhea (Painful menstrual periods): Most women must have experienced menstrual cramps before or during their period at some or the other point of their lives. Cramps are especially painful and persistent and this condition is called as dysmenorrhea. Pain and menstrual cramps is caused by uterine contractions, triggered by prostaglandins, hormone-like substances that are produced by the uterine lining cells and circulate in bloodstream.

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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) : PMS is a term commonly used to describe a wide variety of physical and psychological symptoms associated with the menstrual cycle. Some of the Symptoms include:

  • Bloating
  • Swollen, Painful Breasts
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Headaches
  • Clumsiness
  • Anger
  • Anxiety Or Confusion
  • Mood Swings And Tension
  • Crying and depression
  • Inability to concentrate

PMS appears to be caused by rising and falling levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which may influence brain chemicals, including serotonin, a substance that has a strong effect on mood.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD):  Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Women who experience PMDD may have abnormal reactions to normal hormone changes that occur with each menstrual cycle. This may include fluctuation of estrogen and progesterone levels that normally occurs with menstruation, causing a serotonin deficiency .Most common symptoms of PMDD are

  • Heightened Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Mood Swings
  • Decreased Interest In Usual Activities
  • Difficulty in Concentrating
  • Fatigue
  • Change In Appetite
  • Feeling Out Of Control Or Overwhelmed
  • Sleep Problems

Causes of Menstrual Disorders:

Following are some of the primary causes of Menstrual Disorders:

  • Adolescence
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Eating disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
  • Hyperprolactinemia (an abnormally high concentration in the blood of prolactin, a protein hormone)
  • Medications, such as antiepileptic’s or antipsychotics
  • Perimenopause
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Platelet disorders
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Advanced liver disease
  • Smoking
  • Depression
  • Endometriosis
  • Chronic uterine infection

 Are you suffering with Menstrual disorders? Don’t delay to contact Sarah Hussain for better treatment and get your Menstrual Issues solved.