Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) experienced by approximately 3-8% of women in their reproductive years. It is disabling extension of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and it causes extreme mood shifts.
PMDD affects a woman’s mood significantly and should be taken seriously as a condition requiring medical attention. It is a biological condition, caused by changes in the chemicals produced by the brain. It is not a psychological or personality disorder, nor is it a figment of the imagination. PMDD affects about 5% of women who are in their reproductive years. Although this doesn’t sound like a big statistic, it is still a significant disorder because of the way it affects women. The most noticeable thing about PMDD is the way it interferes with a woman’s lifestyle in the days before her period.
Studies have shown a connection between PMDD and low levels of serotonin, a chemical in your brain that helps transmit nerve signals. Certain brain cells that use serotonin also control mood, attention, sleep, and pain. Hormonal changes may cause a decrease in serotonin, leading to PMDD symptoms. PMDD causes extreme mood shifts that can disrupt work and damage relationships.
Markedly depressed mood or feelings of hopelessness
Marked anxiety or tension, feeling keyed up or on edge
Marked shifts in mood (suddenly tearful, overly sensitive)
Persistent, marked anger or irritability, increased conflicts
Loss of interest in usual activities (e.g., work, hobbies)
Difficulty concentrating and focusing attention
Marked lack of energy, feeling very easily tired
Marked change in appetite, overeating, or food cravings
Sleeping too much or having a hard time sleeping
Feeling overwhelmed or out of control
Physical symptoms (e.g., breast tenderness/swelling, headache, joint/muscle pain, bloatedness, weight gain).
If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms then contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain, a very experienced gynaecologist who can treat PMDD very well. As this is a chronic condition that necessitates