Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. If you have repetitive yeast infections for more than four or more within a year then it was clear that you may need a longer treatment course and a maintenance plan. In order to go for a doctor first, you need to know the causes for the vaginal infection.
Causes of Vaginal infection
The fungus Candida albicans is the one responsible for vaginal yeast infections. Vaginal commonly contains a balanced mix of yeast that including candida and bacteria. Some bacteria act to block an overgrowth of yeast. But that balance can be disturbed. Excess growth of candida or penetration of the fungus into the deeper vaginal cell causes the signs and symptoms of a Vaginal infection.
Overgrowth of yeast can result from:
- Antibiotic use that causes an imbalance in natural vaginal flora
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- An impaired immune system
- Taking oral preventatives or hormone therapy that increase estrogen levels
Candida albicans is the most basic type of fungus to cause vaginal infections. vaginal infections caused by other types of candida fungus can be more complex to treat and generally need more proactive therapies.
Factors that increase your risk of developing a vaginal infection include:
- Antibiotic use. vaginal infections are normal in women who take antibiotics. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, which kill a variety of bacteria, also kill healthy bacteria in your vagina, leading to overgrowth of yeast.
- Increased estrogen levels. vaginal infections are more typical in women with higher estrogen levels — such as pregnant women or women taking high-dose estrogen birth control pills or estrogen hormone therapy.
- Uncontrolled diabetes. Women with badly controlled blood sugar are at greater risk of vaginal infections than women with well-controlled blood sugar.
- Impaired immune system. Women with dropped immunity — such as from corticosteroid therapy or HIV infection — are more likely to notice vaginal infections
How are vaginal yeast infections diagnosed?
Vaginal infections are easy to diagnose. Your doctor will go through your medical history. This covers whether you’ve had vaginal infections before or not. They may also ask for further details that if you’ve ever had an STI.
The next step is a pelvic exam. Your doctor will check your vaginal walls and cervix. They’ll also look all around the external signs of infection.
Depending on what your doctor notices, the next step may be to get some cells from your vagina. These cells go to a lab for testing. Lab tests are usually required for women who have vaginal infections on a routine basis or for infections that won’t go away.
How is a vaginal infection treated?
Each vaginal infection is distinctive and the doctor will recommend the treatment that’s the best fit for you. Treatments are generally defined based on the severity of your symptoms.
For simple vaginal infections, your doctor will usually guide a one-to-three–day regimen of an antifungal cream, ointment, tablet, or suppository. These prescriptions can be in either medicine or over-the-counter (OTC) form.
Common medications include:
- butoconazole (Gynazole)
- clotrimazole (Lotrimin)
- miconazole (Monistat)
- terconazole (Terazol)
- fluconazole (Diflucan)
Women with simple vaginal infections should follow up with their doctors to make ensure the medicine has worked.
You’ll also need a follow-up visit if your symptoms recur within two months.
If you realise that you have a vaginal infection, you can also treat yourself at home with OTC products.
Your doctor will more than likely treat your vaginal infection as if it were a severe or complicated case if you:
- have rigorous redness, swelling, and itching that drives to sores or tears in your vaginal tissue
- have had more than four vaginal infections in a year
- have an infection generated by Candida other than Candida albicans
- are pregnant
- have unhandled diabetes or a weak immune system from medication
- are HIV-positive
Permissible treatments for severe or complicated yeast infections include:
- 14-day cream, ointment, tablet, or suppository vaginal treatment
- two or three doses of fluconazole (Diflucan)
- long-term medicine of fluconazole (Diflucan) taken once a week for six weeks or long-term use of a topical antifungal medication
If your infection is repeating, you may also want to observe if your sexual partner has a vaginal infection. Always remember to use condoms when having sex if you doubt either of you has a vaginal infection.
To decrease your peril of vaginal infections, wear underwear that has a cotton crotch and doesn’t fit too tightly.
It might also better to avoid:
- Tight-fitting pantyhose
- Douching, which eliminates some of the normal bacteria in the vagina that protect you from infection
- Scented female products, including bubble bath, pads and tampons
- Hot tubs and very hot baths
- Needless antibiotic use, such as for colds or other viral infections
- Lingering in wet clothes, such as swimsuits and workout attire, for long periods of time
From the above all, it was clear that vaginal infection can be treated when you concern the doctor at an appropriate time.