Extreme discharge of a thick, whitish or yellowish, sticky, foul-smelling material from the vagina is called Leucorrhoea. This simple problem may happen due to unhygienic conditions, infection of the genital tract, or impaired immune function.
Perversely, most women are highly ashamed of this problem. Well, women’s are not only abashed in front of others because of this, but most of them also dodge discussing the problem with their medical health care providers, which is why the treatment for vaginal discharge affected by leucorrhoea could be a bit of a challenge
Causes of Leukorrhea:
- Extreme intake of oily, spicy and unhealthy junk food.
- Hormonal inequality caused due to severe mental stress and trauma too can cause leucorrhoea in young girls.
- Overindulgence in sexual activity.
- Following an irregular diet and lifestyle during menstrual cycles.
- Improper vaginal hygiene can cause leucorrhoea.
- Alcohol & smoking etc.
Diagnosis of Leukorrhea
A good gynaecologist should be consulted when symptoms of leukorrhea are recognised. The exact cause of leukorrhea requires to be determined so that proper treatment can be given. The routine diagnosis may involve the following:
- Physical testing of the vaginal region for injuries.
- Microbiological culture tests are done to diagnose the exact underlying cause of the infection. The presence of gram-negative diplococci indicates bacterial infections; while the presence of spores and mycelia are indicative of fungal infections.
- Pap smear and biopsy of the cervix to check for cervical cancer.
- Blood tests and urine tests to detect infections.
- Vaginal and cervix pH is defined. Vaginal pH is 4.5 and it is raised in bacterial infections and trichomoniasis.
- PCR is used to discover antigens of Trichomonas.
Treatment of Leukorrhea
A woman should consult a gynaecologist when the outflow is too heavy and is not showing normal characteristics. Physiological leukorrhea is majorly caused due to hormonal imbalance. Therefore, treatment to enhance or correct this imbalance will be helpful. In the case of pathological leukorrhea, antibiotics are prescribed to kill the infectious agent. Trichomonas is handled with Metronidazole and Chlamydia is treated with Azithromycin. A number of home remedies are present to handle leukorrhea. However, pregnant women should visit a doctor before trying on any of the home remedies or taking the over the counter medicines to treat leukorrhea.
Diet and Lifestyle Advice:
- Drink plenty of water. Stay well hydrated.
- Eat more of fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Add bananas, cranberry juice, oranges, lemons, black plums, okra, leafy greens, onions, yoghurt in your diet.
- Add healthy herbs and spices such as ginger, garlic, fenugreek and coriander in your diet.
- Eat complicated carbs (like whole grains, brown rice, oats, etc), lean protein (fish, yoghurts, nuts, sprouts, etc) and low-fat dairy products.
- Keep proper hygiene. Wash or clean undergarments with an antibiotic solution, and let them dry under the sun.
- Wear loose, cotton clothes and garments.
- Exercise daily. Start with morning walks daily morning.
- Avoid stress. Stress and strain since it may influence the hormonal level and may increase secretions. Try yoga.
- Bypass simple carbs like white rice, white bread, maida, refined products, etc.
- Avoid foods that will increase this problem or increase your chances of getting leucorrhoea so avoid all heavy, oily, fried, sugary, spicy, and sour foods.
- Avoid tea, coffee, alcohol, aerated drinks.
- Avoid non-vegetarian food.
- Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes.
- Avoid wearing synthetic or nylon underwear.
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