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Woman in Menopause

What are the complications of menopause? How to diagnose? & What are Treatments?

After menopause is defined, then the risk of certain medical conditions increases. Let’s see the complications that occur due to the menopause.

Complications Caused by Menopause

complication-in-menopause

  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease: When your estrogen levels reduce, then your risk of cardiovascular disease increases.
  • Osteoporosis: This causes bones to become brittle and weak, that leads to an increased risk of fractures. During the initial few years after menopause, you will lose bone density at a rapid rate, increasing your risk of osteoporosis. In Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis are especially susceptible to fractures of their spine, hips and wrists.
  • Urinary indulgence: As the tissues of your vagina and urethra lose pliability, you may experience frequent, sudden, strong urges to urinate, followed by an involuntary loss of urine or the loss of urine with coughing, laughing or lifting. You may have a tract infections more often.
  • Sexual function: Vaginal dryness from decreased moisture production and loss of elasticity can cause trouble and slight bleeding during sexual intercourse. Also, the reduced response may lessen your desire for sexual activity
  • Weight growth: Many women gain weight during the menopausal change and after menopause because metabolism decreases. You may require to eat less and exercise more, just to maintain your current weight.

Diagnosis

Signs and symptoms of menopause are normally enough to tell most women that they’ve started the menopausal transition. If you have worries about irregular periods or hot flashes, talk with your doctor. In some cases, further evaluation may be recommended.

Tests typically aren’t needed to diagnose menopause. But under certain conditions, your doctor may recommend blood tests to check your levels:

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen (estradiol), because your FSH levels rise and estradiol levels decline as menopause occurs
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), because an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can cause signs similar to those of menopause.

Over the counter, home tests to check FSH levels in your urine are possible. The tests could tell you whether you have hoisted FSH levels and might be in the perimenopause or menopause. But, since FSH levels rise and drop during the course of your menstrual cycle, home FSH tests can’t really tell you whether or not you’re definitely in a stage of menopause.

Treatment


Menopause needs no medical treatment. Instead, treatments focus on releasing your signs and symptoms and checking or managing chronic conditions that may occur with ageing. Treatments may include:

  • Hormone therapy
  • Vaginal estrogen
  • Low-dose antidepressants
  • Gabapentin (Neurontin, Gralise, others
  • Clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay, others)
  • Medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis

Before choosing on any form of treatment, talk with your doctor about your choices and the perils and benefits involved with each. Review your options yearly, as your needs and treatment options may change. Request for an appointment at Mygynae with Mrs Sarah Hussain. Contact now.