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What are the Symptoms of PCOS How it Affects the human body How it is diagnosed

What are the Symptoms of PCOS? How it Affects the human body? How it is diagnosed?

Today some women begin to see symptoms around the time of their first period. Others only find they have PCOS after they’ve gained a lot of weight. Before making the PCOS so serious its better to recognise the symptoms.

The Most common PCOS Symptoms are:

  • Irregular Periods: A loss of ovulation prevents the uterine lining from emitting every month. Few women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year.
  • Heavy Growth: The Uterine Lining mounts up for a longer period of time, so the periods you do get can be heavier than normal.
  • Hair Growth: 70% and more women with this problem grow their hair on their face and body that includes on their back, belly, chest. This excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
  • Acne: Hormones from males can make the skin oilier than normal and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest and upper back.
  • Weight Gain: More than 80% of women with this problem are obese.
  • Male-pattern Baldness: Even the hair on the scalp gets thinner and also fall out.
  • Darkening of the skin: Dark patches of skin can form in body creases like those on the neck, in the crotch, and under the breasts.
  • Headaches: Hormones variations can trigger headaches in some women.

There are many other types of symptoms in PCOS. The below image describes everything

symptoms of PCOS

How PCOS affects your body

Having higher-than-normal androgen levels can affect your health.

  • Metabolic Syndrome:

80% of women with PCOS are overweight or obese. Both obesity and PCOS increase your risk for high blood sugar, high blood Pressure, low HDL cholesterol and high LDL cholesterol. Together, these factors are known as metabolic syndrome, and they increase the risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

  • Sleep Apnea

This condition causes replicated pauses in breathing during the night, which disrupt sleep.
Sleep Apnea is more common in women who are overweight especially for those who have PCOS. The risk for sleep Apnea is 5 to 10 times higher in obese women with PCOS that those without PCOS.

effects of PCOS


  • Endometrial cancer

During ovulation, the uterine lining sheds. If you don’t ovulate every month, the wall can build up. A hardened uterine lining can increase your risk for endometrial cancer.

  • Depression

Both hormonal changes and signs like unwanted hair growth can negatively influence your emotions. Many with PCOS end up undergoing depression and anxiety.

How to diagnose PCOS

Doctor typically diagnose PCOS in women who have at least two of these three symptoms:

  • high androgen levels
  • irregular menstrual cycles
  • cysts in the ovaries

Your doctor should also entreat whether you’ve had signs like acne, face and body hair growth, and weight gain.

A pelvic exam can seem for any problems with your ovaries or other parts of your reproductive plot. During this test, your doctor supplements gloved fingers into your vagina and drafts for any lumps in your ovaries or uterus.

Blood tests monitor for higher-than-normal levels of male hormones. You might also have blood tests to verify your cholesterol, insulin, and triglyceride levels to estimate your risk for related situations like heart disease and diabetes.
An ultrasound uses sound waves to see for abnormal follicles and other difficulties with your ovaries and uterus.

Are you scared of PCOS? Dr Sarah Hussain will help you to clear all your doubts about PCOS. The famous Gynaecologist in London will treat you for all the  Gyanic problems. Get an appointment now or reach us here.