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what are the Types of menstrual disorders?

With each menstrual cycle, the uterine lining(endometrium) prepares itself to sustain a fetus. If fertilization doesn’t occur, the body emits the endometrium during the monthly cycle. In some situations, an irregularity can occur in this cycle, designating any of the following menstrual disorders.

Types of Menstrual Disorders


  • Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)
  • Amenorrhea

  • Dysmenorrhea

  • Menorrhagia


Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS)

PMS is an Unpleasant or uncomfortable symptom during your cycle that may temporarily disrupt normal functioning. These symptoms may last from a few hours to many days, and the types and severity of symptoms can differ in individuals.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder(PMDD) is a much more rigorous form of PMS  which approximately 3 – 8% of women of reproductive age. PMDD requires treatment by a physician. According to researches, nearly 85% of women experience at least one common symptoms so extreme they are disabled by the condition.   

Although each individual may undergo symptoms differently, the most common symptoms of PMS can include any of the following:

  • Psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, irritability)
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms (bloating)
  • Fluid retention (swelling of fingers, ankles and feet)
  • Skin problems (acne)
  • headache
  • Vertigo
  • Fainting
  • Muscle spasms
  • Heart palpitations
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Vision problems
  • Eye infections
  • Decreased coordination
  • Diminished libido (sex drive)
  • Changes in appetite
  • Hot flashes

Simple changes in lifestyle can help reduce or eliminate the rigour of symptoms, including:

  • Exercising 3 to 5 times each week
  • Eating a well-balanced diet that includes whole grains, vegetables and fruit, and a decreasing salt, sugar, caffeine and alcohol intake
  • Getting adequate sleep and rest


Amenorrhea is defined by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles. There are two types of amenorrhea:

Types of Amenorrhea
  • Primary amenorrhea: Menstruation does not begin at puberty.
  • Secondary amenorrhea: common and regular menstrual periods which become increasingly unusual and irregular or absent. This may be due to a physical cause typically of later origin.

Amenorrhea can occur for a number of reasons as part of the normal course of life, such as pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause. Or, it may occur as a result of prescriptions or a medical problem including:

  • Ovulation abnormality
  • Birth defect, anatomical abnormality or other medical condition
  • Eating disorder
  • Obesity
  • Excessive or strenuous exercise
  • Thyroid disorder

If at least three sequential menstrual periods are missed or if you’ve never had a menstrual period and are 16 years or older, it is important to see a healthcare expert. As with any condition, early analysis and medication are very important.


Dysmenorrhea is described by severe and regular menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. The problem of dysmenorrhea is dependent on if the condition is primary or secondary. With primary dysmenorrheal, women encounter abnormal uterine contractions resulting from a chemical imbalance in the body. Secondary dysmenorrhea is generated by other medical conditions, most often endometriosis. Other possible causes may include:

  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • uterine fibroids
  • abnormal pregnancy (i.e., miscarriage, ectopic)
  • infection, tumours, or polyps in the pelvic cavity

Any woman can produce dysmenorrhea, but those who are at an increased risk include:

  • Smokers
  • Those who consume excessive alcohol during their period
  • Women who are overweight
  • Women who began menstruating before the age of 11
Dysmenorrhea Symptoms

The most general symptoms may include:

  • Cramping or pain in the lower abdomen
  • Low back pain or pain radiating down the legs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Fainting
  • Headaches


Menorrhagia is the most general type of unusual uterine bleeding and is characterized by heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding. In some instances, bleeding may be so critical that daily activities are disrupted.

Another type of this condition, also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding, may include:

  • Polymenorrhea: Too frequent menstruation.
  • Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent or light menstrual cycles
  • Metrorrhagia: Any unusual, non-menstrual bleeding as in bleeding which occurs between menstrual periods
  • Postmenopausal bleeding:  Bleeding that occurs more than one year subsequent the last menstrual period at menopause.

There are several possible causes of menorrhagia, including:

  • Hormonal Menorrhagia Causes imbalance
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Abnormal pregnancy; i.e., miscarriage, ectopic (tubal pregnancy)
  • Infection, tumours or polyps in the pelvic cavity
  • Certain birth control devices; i.e., intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Bleeding or platelet disorders
  • High levels of prostaglandins (chemical substances used to control muscle contractions of the uterus)
  • Huge levels of endothelins (chemical substances used to dilate blood vessels)
  • Liver, kidney or thyroid disease
Menorrhagia Symptoms

Common symptoms of menorrhagia are when a woman has drowned through enough sanitary napkins or tampons to change for every one hour, and/or a woman’s menstrual period lasts longer than 7 days in duration. Other standard symptoms include spotting or bleeding between menstrual periods, or spotting or bleeding during pregnancy.

Most of the women with ample menstrual bleeding can cause their condition for hormones. Here are the different types of menstrual disorders and their symptoms. If you identify any symptoms in you schedule an appointment with Mrs Sarah Hussain can help you figure out what kind of treatment is necessary in order to reduce or relieve from your problem.