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What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer befalls when the cells of the cervix develop abnormally and attack other tissues and organs of the body. When it is invasive, this cancer affects the lower tissues of the cervix and may have spread to other parts of the body, like the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina and rectum.

Symptoms and Early Signs:

In the starting stage of cervical cancer, a person will experience no symptoms. Women should always have a regular cervical smear or Pap test. A Pap test is preventive. It is done not to detect cancer, but to identify whether any cells changes that indicate that cancer could develop so that early action can be taken

The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:

  • bleeding between periods
  • bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • bleeding in post-menopausal women
  • discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • smelly vaginal discharge
  • vaginal discharge tinged with blood
  • pelvic pain

These symptoms can cause infection. Anyone with these symptoms can go to the doctor for a primary checkup.


Knowing the stages is very important as it helps to decide what kind of treatment to undergo. There are different ways of defining the stages, but a 4-stages is commonly used.

Stage 0: Precancerous cells are located.

Stage 1: Cancer cells have grown from the surface into lower tissues of the cervix, and possibly into the uterus and to nearby lymph nodes

Stage 2: Cancer is now at beyond the cervix and uterus, but not as far as the walls of the pelvis or the lower part of the vagina.

Stage 3: Cancer cells are located in the deeper part of the vagina or the walls of the pelvis, and it may be preventing the ureters, the tubes that carry urine from the bladder.

Stage 4: Cancer affects the bladder or rectum and that is growing out of the pelvis. Later in stage 4, it will reach to distant organs, including the liver, bones, lungs, and lymph nodes.

It is very important to undergo for check up to identify the cancer cells.


  • Cervical cancer treatment options will include
  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy or combination of both chemotherapy and radiotherapy
  • Cervical cancer clinical trials
  • Follow-up care

The treatment will depend on the stage of cancer as well as the patients’ age and state of health.

Early stage cervical cancer treatment options:

Surgery is commonly used when the cancer is limited to the cervix. Radiotherapy may be used after surgery if there are still cancer cells in the body.

When cells in the cervix wind up unusual and multiply rapidly, cervical cancer can develop, so it so can be dangerous if it goes undetected or untreated. Are you enduring with abnormal menstrual cycle, a yeast infection, or a urinary tract infection contact Mrs. Sarah Hussain, a female gynecologist who can give better treatment for immediate cure.