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What is dysmenorrhea? What are the causes and Symptoms of dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhea is the medical name for menstrual cramps that are caused by uterine syncopes. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to common menstrual pains, while secondary dysmenorrhea results from a disorder in the reproductive organs. Both types can be treated.

What is dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhea is the word for pain with menstruation. There are two kinds of dysmenorrhea: “primary“ and “secondary”

Primary dysmenorrhea is common menstrual pangs that are recurrent and are not due to other diseases. Pain usually starts 1 or 2 days before, or when menstrual bleeding begins and is felt in the lower tummy, back, or thighs. Pain can range from mild to severe, can typically last 12 to 72 hours, and can be followed by nausea-and-vomiting, fatigue, and even diarrhoea. Regular menstrual cricks usually become less painful as a women ages and may stop entirely if the woman has a baby.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain that is bred by a disorder in the woman’s reproductive organs, such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, uterine fibroids, or infection. Pain from secondary dysmenorrhea usually occurs earlier in the menstrual cycle and lasts longer than common menstrual cramps. The pain is not typically followed by nausea, vomiting, fatigue, or diarrhoea.

What causes dysmenorrhea (pain of menstrual cramps)?

causes of dysmenorrhes
Menstrual cramps are begun by contractions (tightening) in the uterus (which is a muscle) by a chemical called prostaglandin. The uterus, where a baby grows, deals throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle. During menstruation, the uterus guarantees more strongly. If the uterus contracts too strongly, it can compress against nearby blood vessels, cutting off the supply of oxygen to the muscle tissue of the uterus. Pain results when part of the muscle concisely loses its supply of oxygen.

How does secondary dysmenorrhea cause menstrual cramps?

Menstrual cramp from secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disease in the woman’s reproductive organs. Situations that can cause secondary dysmenorrhea include

Endometriosis – A condition in which the tissue lining the uterus (the endometrium) is located outside of the uterus.
Adenomyosis – A condition where the lining of the uterus develops into the muscle of the uterus.
Pelvic inflammatory disease – An infection generated by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can expand to other reproductive organs.
Cervical stenosis – Narrowing of the hole to the uterus.
Fibroids (benign tumours) – develops on the inner wall of the uterus.

What are the symptoms of dysmenorrhea?


Aching cramps in the abdomen (pain may be severe at times)
Feeling of pressure in the gut
Pain in the haunches, lower back, and inner thighs

Women with dysmenorrhea will face many difficulties in that situation you need to consultant doctor. Don’t worry Mrs Sarah Hussain is here to bring you out from this tension. She is one of the experienced gynaecologists from London. Get an appointment now or contact now.