Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often seems during the childbearing years. It also called leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids aren’t associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.
What are Fibroids?
Fibroids are unusual growths that develop in or on a woman’s uterus. Sometimes these fibroids become quite large and can cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. In other situations, they cause no signs or symptoms at all. The growths are typically noncancerous. These may sometimes also known as many names like:
- Uterine myomas
According to researches of National Institute of Health(NIH), nearly about 80% of women have been facing the fibroids by the age of 50. However, most women don’t have any symptoms and even they may never know that they have fibroids.
What are the types of fibroids?
The type of fibroid a woman develops that depends on its location in or on the uterus.
- Intramural fibroids – Intramural fibroids are the most regular type of fibroid. They generally appear within the muscular wall of the uterus. They may grow in larger size and can stretch your womb.
- Subserosal Fibroids – It forms on the outer part of your uterus, which is called the serosa. They may grow larger in size to make your womb appear larger on one side
Pedunculated Fibroids – Subserosal tumours can form a stem, a thin base that supports a tumour. When they do, they’re known as pedunculated fibroids.
Submucosal fibroids – These tumours can develop in the middle muscle layer or myometrium of your uterus. Submucosal tumours aren’t as general as the other types.
What are the Symptoms of Fibroids?
Some women may notice out they have uterine fibroids because their doctor discovers them during a routine exam or ultrasound. If you have symptoms that might include:
- Heavy bleeding or painful periods
- Bleeding between periods
- Pressure, pain or fullness in your lower stomach
- Enlarged abdomen or uterus
- Always need to pee often or trouble to empty your bladder
- Pain during sex
- Miscarriage or infertility.
What are the causes of fibroids?
The exact cause of fibroids is not known. Several factors can be responsible such as:
- Estrogen and progesterone which are the hormones produced by the ovaries during a woman’s childbearing years may stimulate the growth of the fibroids
- A person who has a family history of fibroids can be prone to it.
- Since the production of estrogen and progesterone increase during pregnancy, a pregnant woman is more prone to fibroids.
Your prognosis will completely depend on the size and location of your fibroids. Fibroids may not require treatment if they ‘re small or don’t produce symptoms.