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What is Ovarian Cancer?

When the cells in the body begin to grow out of control by that cancer starts. Cells any part of the body can become cancer and can spread. Ovarian cancer generally begins in ovaries, but according to recent researches says that ovarian cancer actually starts in the cells in the distal end of the fallopian tubes.

Let us now talk about what are the ovaries?

Ovaries are the reproductive glands found only in females. These ovaries produce eggs for reproduction. These eggs travel from ovaries through fallopian tubes into the uterus where the egg settles in and develops the fetus. These are the most important source for the women hormones estrogen and progesterone. There two ovaries in a female body and one in each side of the uterus.

These ovaries are mainly made of 3 kinds of cells. Each kind of cell can develop into the different type of a tumour. Some of these tumours are non-cancerous and will never spread beyond the ovary.malignant and borderline tumours will spread to other parts of the body and can be fatal. Here are some the tumours listed below:

  • Epithelial ovarian Tumor
  • Benign Epithelial Tumor
  • Borderline Epithelial Tumor
  • Malignant Epithelial Ovarian Tumors
  • Primary peritoneal carcinoma
  • Fallopian Tube Cancer
  • Ovarian Germ cell Tumor

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer:

Most of ovarian cancer starts in the epithelium or outer surface of the ovary. There are some early symptoms of ovarian cancers. Symptoms may resemble those of other conditions like premenstrual syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, temporary bladder problem. Here are some symptoms of ovarian cancer:

  • Pain in the pelvis
  • the lower abdomen pain
  • the lower part of the body pain
  • Severe back pain
  • Heartburn or indigestion
  • Feeling full rapidly while eating
  • More frequent or urgent urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Change in bowel like constipation

As the cancer is in signs of progress there may also be some symptoms like

  • Nausea
  • Weight loss
  • Breathlessness
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite

If anyone experience with bloating, pressure, or pain in the abdomen or pelvis that lasts for long period then they should consult the doctor immediately.

Causes of ovarian cancer:

Ovarian cancer generally occurs when the cells divide and multiply in an unregulated manner, but it was not clear why it happens.

Here are the following risk factors that can cause these disease

  • Family History
  • Reproductive history
  • Age
  • Birth control
  • Infertility or fertility System
  • Breast Cancer
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Obesity and overweight
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Endometriosis
  • Diagnosis

A doctor will go for pelvic examination and check for any palpable abnormalities in the uterus or ovaries. The doctor will also go through the patient’s medical history and family history.

List of diagnosis are mentioned below:

  • Blood test
  • Imaging test
  • Laparoscopy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Abdominal fluid aspiration
  • Biopsy


Treatment kind generally depends on many factors like type of ovarian cancer, also stage and grade, and also general health of the patients.

Here is the list of treatments that the patient with ovarian cancer can undergo:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Clinical Trials

From the above, all information ovarian cancer is generally seen in women. When someone recognises the symptoms he or she should go for the doctor to identify in which stage was the patient was. Depending on the stages the treatment will be taken into action. Early identification will be more beneficial.  

Having a Abdominal bloating or swelling ? If symptoms are new and persist for more than two weeks, it is recommended you should consult a Gynaecologist!! Make an appointment today with Mrs. Sarah Hussain , can help you to decreases your risk of ovarian cancer.