Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) is a condition that influences a woman’s hormone levels. Women with PCOS give higher than normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone irregularity causes them to skip menstrual periods.
PCOS also causes hair growth on the face, body, and baldness. It can extend to long-term health problems like diabetes and heart disease. Pills for birth control and diabetes drugs can help fix the hormone imbalance and improve symptoms. Read on for a glance at the causes of PCOS and its effects on a woman’s body.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a problem with hormones that affects women during their childbearing years(ages between 15 to 44). Between 2.2 and 26.7 % of women in this age group have PCOS. Many of the women have PCOS but unaware of it. One of the serves declared that up to 70% of women with PCOS hadn’t diagnosed.
PCOS influence a woman’s ovaries, the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone – hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The ovaries also allow a small number of male hormones called androgens
The ovaries deliver eggs to be fertilized by a man’s sperm. The discharge of an egg each month is known as ovulation.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) restraint ovulation. FSH spurs the ovary to give a follicle — a pouch that contains an egg — and then LH triggers the ovary to release a mature egg.
PCOS is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that changes the ovaries and ovulation. Its three main features are:
- cysts in the ovaries
- high levels of male hormones
- irregular or skipped periods
In PCOS, many tiny, fluid-filled cysts grow inside the ovaries. The word “polycystic” means “many vesicles.”
These sacs are actually follicles, each one carrying an immature egg. The eggs never mature sufficiently to trigger ovulation.
The lack of ovulation adjusts levels of estrogen, progesterone, FSH, and LH. Estrogen and progesterone levels are below than usual, while androgen levels are steeper than usual. Extra male hormones upset the menstrual cycle, so women with PCOS get fewer periods than usual.
Causes of PCOS
Doctors don’t know accurately what effects PCOS. They assume that high levels of male hormones stop the ovaries from generating hormones and producing eggs normally.
Genes, insulin stability, and inflammation have all been linked to excess androgen generation.
Studies show that PCOS appears in families. It’s likely that many genes — not just one — provide to the condition.
Up to 70% of women with PCOS have insulin resistance, meaning that their cells can’t use insulin well. Insulin is a hormone the pancreas contributes to support the body use sugar from foods for energy. When cells can’t use insulin properly, the body’s demand for insulin raise. The pancreas makes more insulin to neutralize. Extra insulin triggers the ovaries to generate more male hormones. Obesity is a major cause of insulin resistance. Both obesity and insulin resistance can increase your peril for type 2 diabetes.
Women with PCOS often have grown levels of inflammation in their body. Being overweight can also provide to inflammation. Studies have associated excess inflammation to important androgen levels.
There are a few more factors that cause the PCOS for the Women.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects up to almost 27 % of women during their childbearing years. It involves cysts in the ovaries, huge levels of male hormones, and random periods.
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